The Park of Monsters at Bomarzo in Italy

Wander Through the Park of the Monsters in Italy

Wander Through the Park of the Monsters in Italy

Atlas Obscura
Your Guide to the World's Hidden Wonders
Jan. 16 2015 3:24 PM

The Park of the Monsters at Bomarzo in Italy

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Just north of the small Italian town of Bomarzo is a quiet park where sunlight filters through the canopies of trees and lands on moss-covered stone sculptures. Many of these sculptures, however, are less than tranquil: There’s a reason the place is called Parco dei Mostri, or the Park of the Monsters.

The sculptures in the park emerged from the tormented mind of 16th-century Italian prince Pier Francesco Orsini. The prince endured a brutal war, saw his friend killed, was held for ransom for years, and returned home only to have his beloved wife die. Seeking a way to express his grief, Orsini hired architect Pirro Ligorio to create a park that would shock and frighten its visitors.


The park exhibits the 16th-century Mannerist style—an artistic approach that rejected the Renaissance’s elegance and harmony in favor of exaggerated, often tortured expressions and a mishmash of mythological, classical, and religious influences. Its wretched sculptures—including a war elephant attacking a Roman soldier, a monstrous fish-head, a giant tearing another giant in half, and a house built on a tilt to disorient the viewer—caught the attention of Salvador Dalí, who visited in 1948 and found much to inspire his Surrealist artwork.

A trip to the park is not complete without a walk down the stone stairs leading into the “Mouth of Hell”: the face of an ogre captured midscream. Walk into its gaping maw, inscribed with “all reason departs,” and you’ll find a picnic table with benches.

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Ella Morton is a writer working on The Atlas Obscura, a book about global wonders, curiosities, and esoterica adapted from Atlas Obscura. Follow her on Twitter.