David Ferrucci, lead researcher for IBM's Watson project, on bringing his supercomputer into the real world.

The most innovative and practical thinkers of our time.
Aug. 1 2011 12:52 PM

A Q&A with David Ferrucci

The lead researcher for IBM's Watson project on bringing his supercomputer into the real world.

Slate's list of the 25 Americans who combine inventive genius and practicality—our best real-world problem solvers. Read more about how we chose them.

David Ferrucci.
David Ferrucci

How is Watson being used today?
It's already changing how we think about business problems. Today in companies we have a spectrum that goes from full-text search—where people type in keywords and get thousands of documents back, many of them not important or relevant or don't answer your question—to classic database search, where you have very precise formal queries, but you have to prepare the data in a very structured way. Customers are looking at what we did with Watson as a sweet spot in between there. They don't have to put in as much energy to preparing their data, but they can get more precise value from it. We're working with them to develop applications in the area of health care, finance, tech support and other areas.

How will we use Watson in the future?
I think it's going to focus on higher-value queries, where people want to spend more time focusing on something—they're not looking for a URL. Watson will start to make people realize that there's a lot of information out there that we're just not getting to, because we're only looking at the top 10 documents. There are thousands or millions of relevant pieces of information that can affect your decision. Health care searches are a great example of this. That kind of search is an extended process, it's got recall blindness—which means you forget what you're not seeing, you don't know what you're not reading—and you suffer from not having the breadth of experience to understand [the results]. There's so much more the computer can do for you in situations like that.

Advertisement

Do you have a "Holy Grail" that you're working toward?
The Holy Grail for me is that you'll get intelligent dialogue with a machine, like on Star Trek. My minigoal toward that is a computer that will help in reading comprehension. Imagine: A third-grade or high-school student will sit down with the computer, and the student and the computer are both reading the text, and the computer could be pedagogical. Let's say the text is about dinosaurs. The computer could say, "They're asking for what kind of food a dinosaur eats, and I'm wondering if a plant is a type of food." Through that dialogue, the computer is getting smarter, [and] it's helping the student engage in critical thinking. For the first time, humans will be interacting with the machine in a fluent dialogue.

Return to Ferrucci's profile.

Farhad Manjoo is a technology columnist for the New York Times and the author of True Enough.

TODAY IN SLATE

Politics

The Democrats’ War at Home

How can the president’s party defend itself from the president’s foreign policy blunders?

Congress’ Public Shaming of the Secret Service Was Political Grandstanding at Its Best

Michigan’s Tradition of Football “Toughness” Needs to Go—Starting With Coach Hoke

Windows 8 Was So Bad That Microsoft Will Skip Straight to Windows 10

Homeland Is Good Again! For Now.

Politics

Cringing. Ducking. Mumbling.

How GOP candidates react whenever someone brings up reproductive rights or gay marriage.

Building a Better Workplace

You Deserve a Pre-cation

The smartest job perk you’ve never heard of.

The Ludicrous Claims Women Are Pitched at “Egg Freezing Parties”

Piper Kerman on Why She Dressed Like a Hitchcock Heroine for Her Prison Sentencing

Behold
Oct. 1 2014 11:48 AM An Up-Close Look at the U.S.–Mexico Border
  News & Politics
The World
Oct. 1 2014 12:20 PM Don’t Expect Hong Kong’s Protests to Spread to the Mainland
  Business
Business Insider
Oct. 1 2014 12:21 PM How One Entrepreneur Is Transforming Blood Testing
  Life
Outward
Oct. 1 2014 11:59 AM Ask a Homo: A Lesbian PDA FAQ
  Double X
The XX Factor
Sept. 30 2014 12:34 PM Parents, Get Your Teenage Daughters the IUD
  Slate Plus
Behind the Scenes
Oct. 1 2014 10:54 AM “I Need a Pair of Pants That Won’t Bore Me to Death” Troy Patterson talks about looking sharp, flat-top fades, and being Slate’s Gentleman Scholar.
  Arts
Brow Beat
Oct. 1 2014 12:26 PM Where Do I Start With Leonard Cohen?
  Technology
Future Tense
Oct. 1 2014 11:48 AM Watch a Crowd Go Wild When Steve Jobs Moves a Laptop in This 1999 Demonstration of WiFi
  Health & Science
Bad Astronomy
Oct. 1 2014 12:01 PM Rocky Snow
  Sports
Sports Nut
Sept. 30 2014 5:54 PM Goodbye, Tough Guy It’s time for Michigan to fire its toughness-obsessed coach, Brady Hoke.