How Documents Buried by Jewish Prisoners at Auschwitz Tell the Story of Genocide
The Scrolls of Auschwitz comprise a variety of documents written by members of the Sonderkommando or Special Squad, a group of predominantly Jewish prisoners who were forced to work in the crematoria at Auschwitz-Birkenau. (Son of Saul, which has just been nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, was inspired by the Scrolls.) These writings were buried in the grounds of the crematoria in 1944. Between 1945 and 1980, eight caches of documents by five known authors were discovered, mostly by chance; few who knew their whereabouts had survived. As our recently published book, Matters of Testimony: Interpreting the Scrolls of Auschwitz, shows, the documents buried at Auschwitz provide important new insights into the Sonderkommando and into Holocaust testimony in general.
A Cheerier Vision of the Depression Years, in Hyperbright Postcards of Recreation Spots
Although we now associate the "look" of the Depression with the stark black-and-white photographs of Dorothea Lange or Walker Evans, for people who lived then, the superbright linen postcard was a staple of the visual landscape. Between 1931 and 1950, many imitators followed Chicago's Curt Teich & Company, the inventor of the printing process that made the linen postcard possible, into the marketplace. American souvenir shops and drugstores filled with racks of the intensely colored cardstock rectangles, often sold for a penny apiece.
How One Company Designed the Bookshelves that Made America’s Biggest Libraries Possible
Before the early 20th century, public libraries typically used wooden bookcases with fixed shelves to house their volumes. In the 1910s, new public literacy initiatives like Andrew Carnegie’s library-building projects, as well as institutional expansions at the Library of Congress and many universities, drove the need for a different kind of library shelf. The new wave of libraries—bigger and more comprehensive than their predecessors—needed bookshelves that could accommodate their rapidly growing collections of books. The New York Public Library, for example, installed 75 miles of new bookshelves in 1910 in preparation of its grand opening the next year. And the shelves from earlier decades simply weren’t going to cut it.
How an 1830s Children’s Magazine Taught Hard Truths About Slavery
From 1836 to 1839, the American Anti-Slavery Society published The Slave's Friend, a juvenile periodical edited by abolitionist Lewis Tappan. Each issue, specially sized to fit small hands, was 16 pages in length and featured a mix of stories, news items, and poems meant to gently but firmly tell white children about the evils of slavery. The New York Public Library's digital collection offers a small collection of scans of the magazine's 1837 issues.
Drunkard, Merryboy, Younker. Some 17th-Century Names for Dogs.
Listen to Studs Terkel Interview Gloria Steinem on the 10th Anniversary of Ms. Magazine
Ten years into the life of Ms. magazine, Gloria Steinem sat for this interview with Studs Terkel at the radio station WFMT in Chicago. The conversation, recorded in 1982, offers a look at the status of American second-wave feminism in the first few years of the Reagan administration.
Amelia Earhart’s Cautiously Optimistic 1933 Advice to an Aspiring Female Pilot
In this 1933 letter, Amelia Earhart took time to advise 13-year-old aviation enthusiast June Pierson of Detroit on strategies for successes in the nascent industry. The letter, which has been in a private collection since it was sent, is now up for sale through Philadelphia's Raab Collection.
A Beautiful, Escapist Map of “Fairyland,” Published in Britain at the End of World War I
Bernard Sleigh's 1918 map of a place he called "Fairyland" mashes up dozens of stories to make a comprehensive geography of make-believe: Rapunzel's tower, cheek by jowl with Belle's palace from "Beauty and the Beast"; Humpty Dumpty on a roof, overlooking Red Riding Hood's house; Ulysses' ship, sailing past Goblin Land.
Gently Posed Photos of Everyday Life in Late-19th-Century Rural Japan
The J. Paul Getty Museum has digitized an album called Japanese Trades, which contains a set of these souvenir photos by Suzuki Shinichi, captioned in English by an unknown hand. The images date to between 1873 and 1883, and represent Japanese villagers going about their daily lives: selling rat poison, practicing archery, playing with their children, regarding the approach of a dentist with grim apprehension.
Witness the Controlled Chaos of Boston Traffic, As Filmed From a Streetcar in 1906
To make this short documentary of Boston streets, cinematographer Billy Bitzer stood on an electric streetcar operated by the Boston Elevated Railway and filmed what he saw. The vantage point offers a view of the way wagons, streetcars, and pedestrians jostled for space and dodged around each other in hectic early-twentieth-century traffic. The New England Historical Society, which recently shared the film on its blog, called this "one of the first films of the city ever made."