Your News Companion by Ben Mathis-Lilley

Sept. 20 2014 11:51 AM

Almost One in Four Americans Support Idea of Splitting From the Union

After Scotland, all eyes are turning to Catalonia, where voters will hold a non-binding vote on independence from Spain on Nov. 9. But maybe Americans need to focus closer to home. We already knew—courtesy of Slate’s David Weigel—that breakaway movements in the United States were feeling inspired by the Scotland independence referendum vote. But it turns out that wanting to break away from the union is not as much of a fringe idea as some might think. According to a recent Reuters/Ipsos poll, almost one-quarter of Americans said they either strongly supported or tended to support the idea of their states leaving the union.

As could be expected, the feeling is hardly overwhelming. After all, more than half—53.3 percent—directly opposed the notion or tended to oppose the very idea. But what is surprising is that the desire to leave the United States “cuts across party lines and regions,” notes Reuters, before specifying what you’d expect: “Republicans and residents of rural Western states are generally warmer to the idea than Democrats and Northeasterners.” The difference between Republican and Democratic secessionist feelings? Almost 10 percentage points. While 29.7 percent of Republicans look favorably upon the idea of secession, only 21 percent of Democrats feel the same way.

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Sept. 19 2014 8:20 PM

ESPN Story Alleges Ravens, NFL Are Scapegoating Ray Rice in Cover-Up

An Atlantic City police officer described the video on which Ray Rice knocks his then-fiancée Janay Rice unconscious to the Baltimore Ravens’ head of security within hours of the incident, an ESPN piece reports. The article, by reporters Don Van Natta Jr. and Kevin Van Valkenburg, further alleges that Rice attorney Michael Diamondstein described the video to Ravens president Dick Cass as “fucking horrible” in April and told Cass that, in the video, “Ray knocked [Janay Rice] the fuck out.”*

ESPN’s report also reiterates an earlier claim that Ray Rice was completely truthful about what he did to Janay Rice in a meeting with Roger Goodell. Goodell said after the elevator tape became public that his understanding of what happened between Rice and his fiancée was “ambiguous,” while the Ravens say that, before the tape was released, they believed Rice “slapped” Janay Rice during an “altercation.”

The upshot: The Ravens and the NFL have pinned their explanation for Ray Rice’s lenient initial suspension of two games on the idea that Rice misled them about what happened in the elevator. Meanwhile, sources tell ESPN that Ray Rice was always truthful to the NFL and Ravens about what he did to Janay Rice and that the Ravens, at the least, had access to accounts of the video.

It may be worth noting that the ESPN account of Ray and Janay Rice’s meeting with Roger Goodell mentions that two NFL players’ association representatives accompanied the couple to meet with Goodell, and the claim that Rice was honest with Goodell is attributed to “four sources.” The claim that Rice’s attorney described the video to Cass could, logically, have come from the attorney himself. Another source in the story who says Rice was always honest about what happened in the elevator is Kyle Jakobe, who’s identified as “one of [Rice’s] closest friends.” The idea that Ray Rice was, in fact, consistently honest and contrite with team and league officials is one that is flattering to Ray Rice and would help his case that he should eventually be allowed to play in the NFL again.

But an attorney named Andrew Alperstein who represented Rice for at least some period in February described the incident to the Baltimore Sun as a “very minor physical altercation.” And in May, Michael Diamondstein said that, “hypothetically,” the elevator video could show that “Ray wasn't the first person that hit and Ray was getting repeatedly hit.” (It doesn't.) In other words: Rice’s camp, at least, was not always forthcoming about what was on the video.

*Correction, Sept. 19, 2014: This post originally misspelled Kevin Van Valkenburg's last name.

Sept. 19 2014 6:58 PM

Dean of Islamic Studies at University of Karachi is Murdered Amid “Blasphemy” Allegations

A Muslim scholar named Muhammad Shakil Auj who had received death threats over "blasphemy" allegations was shot to death Thursday in Karachi, Pakistan. Auj was the dean of Islamic studies at the University of Karachi, and some of the blasphemy allegations against him reportedly originated with his colleagues. From the New York Times

Unidentified gunmen on a motorbike attacked the vehicle he was riding in on his way to a reception at his honor at the Iranian Consulate.
Dr. Auj was shot in the head and neck and died immediately, officials said. A female student in the back of the car was shot in the arm and was treated at a hospital.
A week earlier, a visiting religious scholar at the same Islamic studies department, Maulana Masood Baig, was also shot dead by unknown attackers.

Auj had told police that four colleagues at the University of Karachi had accused him of blasphemy—including one colleague who'd previously held Auj's position as dean. The four were arrested but are free on bail, and they are "being questioned" about Auj's murder, the Times reports. A seminary in Karachi had also called for Auj's death.

Sept. 19 2014 4:55 PM

Catalonia Will Defy Spanish Government, Hold (Non-Binding) Independence Vote

The regional government of Catalonia will hold a Nov. 9 referendum à la Scotland on the question of whether the area should declare independence from Spain—but the results will be non-binding, seemingly making the vote something of an elaborate opinion poll. The national government in Madrid is nonetheless not pleased. From Reuters:

Unlike London, which allowed the Scottish vote, Madrid says even a non-binding referendum would violate the Spanish constitution and has pledged to block it in the courts.
Spanish political leaders, including centre-right Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy and Socialist opposition leader Pedro Sanchez, hailed the Scottish "no" vote and said the outcome demonstrated the value of unity for Spain.

The Guardian observes that Catalonia is a larger part of Spain than Scotland is of the U.K. from an economic standpoint, accounting for "nearly one-fifth" of the country's GDP. Scotland contributes 9.5 percent of the U.K.'s GDP.

Correction, September 22, 2014: This post originally referred incorrectly to "the regional government of Catalan." Catalan is a language and identity; Catalonia is a place.

Sept. 19 2014 3:12 PM

Japan Will Ignore New Restrictions on Whaling

Continuing a pattern of controversial activity that has earned it international criticism for years, Japan has decided to ignore the International Whaling Commission by continuing whaling in 2015. According to this account of the situation in The Guardian, a new Commission resolution outlines criteria by which whaling can be considered permissible research; Japan says its whaling does constitute research (though resulting meat is sold commercially), but would need to stop whaling activity until 2016 and submit a plan to the IWC next year in order to meet the new guidelines.

As National Geographic explains, whaling for scientific research has been an exception to the IWC moratorium on whaling since 1986. While Iceland and Norway, both Commission members, engage in commercial whaling despite IWC bans, Japan is the only country currently whaling in international waters. One of the most vocal critics of Japan's whaling activity has been Australia, which accuses Japan of using science as a front for commercial activity. The Australian government says Japan has killed 10,000 whales since the 1986 ban went into effect.

Whale meat gained popularity in Japan during post-World War II food shortages. Some have suggested the Japanese government's continued whaling despite years of international criticism is driven by the meat's historical relationship with national food security. Others theorize that Japan may fear backing down on whaling will make its lucrative bluefin tuna trade subject to more international pressure. In any case, whaling is hardly the Japanese dietary staple it once was—a 2012 poll by the Nippon Research Center found almost 90 percent of people surveyed hadn't bought whale meat in the last year.

Sept. 19 2014 12:59 PM

Leader of Scotland Independence Push Resigns

After a “no” result in Scotland’s independence referendum, the leader of the pro-independence Scottish National Party, Alex Salmond, has announced that he will resign. During his decades-long career, Salmond turned the SNP from a messy political organ into the most popular party in Scotland by membership. He will also be resigning his position as First Minister, the head of Scotland’s "devolved" parliament in Edinburgh, which he has held since May 2007. From the BBC:

Mr Salmond said: "For me as leader my time is nearly over but for Scotland the campaign continues and the dream shall never die."
Speaking from Bute House in Edinburgh, the first minister's official residence, he told journalists: "I am immensely proud of the campaign that Yes Scotland fought and particularly of the 1.6m voters who rallied to that cause."
Mr Salmond, 59, who has led his party for a total of 20 years, also said there were a "number of eminently qualified and very suitable candidates for leader", although the current deputy first minister Nicola Sturgeon, also deputy SNP leader, would be seen as a clear frontrunner.

Salmond’s brand of Scottish nationalism galvanized the “Yes” campaign, but ultimately came up short following a late surge in efforts from the unionist side including recent, passionate appeals from Gordon Brown, the former Labour prime minister of the U.K. and a Scot.

More than 1.6 million Scots voted for independence in the referendum.

Sept. 19 2014 12:39 PM

A Very Matter-of-Fact Interview About the Russian Tradition of Arresting Billionaires and Taking Their Stuff

Vladimir Yevtushenkov is a hugely wealthy Russian business figure whose Sistema group controls the oil company Bashneft and the mobile phone company MTS. He was put under house arrest this week on charges of money laundering, though there has been some public pushback to his detention and he may or may not have been freed today with a promise not to leave the country. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty has an explanatory interview about the arrest with another wealthy Russian, the exiled Yevgeny Chichvarkin. Chichvarkin's straightforward take on the situation—"Crimea was up for grabs; they took it. Bashneft is up for grabs; they will take it, too"—would be funny if it weren't for the fact that the lawlessly plutocratic leader being described (Vladimir Putin) controls one of the most powerful armies in the world. More:

RFE/RL: What's going to happen to Yevtushenkov now? What are his options?
Chichvarkin: He will give up Bashneft, he will spend two or three years being questioned, and give tons of money to the chekists [officials close to Russia's state-security organs] to obtain the closure of his criminal case. That's the best-case scenario. In the worst-case scenario, they will also seize his telecom assets and create a Russian united telecommunication corporation or something in that vein.

Read the rest here. Also recommended: this Guardian piece on Chichvarkin's wine store in London, which is named "Hedonism." (The piece's author? "Amelia Gentleman." England.)

Sept. 19 2014 12:11 PM

Here Is the Wicked Long Line for the iPhone 6 on 14th Street in New York

The iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus went on sale today, and phone fiends are fiending. Here's the line outside the Apple store on 14th Street in New York City's Meatpacking District. Looks to be about 400 feet long. The woman who was first in line to buy a phone at the company's Fifth Avenue store waited for 19 days, according to USA Today

Sept. 19 2014 3:05 AM

Scotland Votes to Remain in U.K. by 55 Percent to 45 Percent Margin

Scotland will remain part of the United Kingdom, with final results from Thursday's referendum expected to show that "no" votes to stay in the U.K. defeated "yes" votes to leave by a margin of 55 percent to 45 percent. British Prime Minister David Cameron is expected to begin following through as soon as today on promises to "devolve" some powers from the United Kingdom to Scotland; promises of increased autonomy within the British system were made explicit by Cameron and other U.K. leaders in their effort to persuade Scotland's citizens to vote against secession. From the Guardian:

Cameron spoke this morning, saying he was delighted Scots had voted to keep the union and suggesting the issue of Scottish independence had been settled for a generation - even for “a lifetime”.

Pro-secession leader Alex Salmond did not use language that was quite as definitive:

In an early-morning concession speech, Salmond said he accepted the verdict of the people but noted that Scotland had not chosen independence “at this stage”, suggesting he may return to the idea of independence.
“We have touched sections of the community who have never before been touched by politics,” he said.

Turnout was estimated at 85 percent.

Sept. 18 2014 8:02 PM

Sierra Leone to Shut Down the Entire Country to Try to Slow Ebola Outbreak 

The Ebola crisis continues to ravage West Africa as the outbreak shows signs of accelerating. So far, more than 2,600 people have died from the worst outbreak of the virus in history. “The upward epidemic trend continues in the three countries that have widespread and intense transmission—Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone,” the World Health Organization said on Thursday.

Unable to find, contain, and treat those infected, increasingly desperate Sierra Leone came up with a dramatic solution: Shut down the entire country. The government ordered the country’s population of 6 million people to remain in their homes starting Thursday at midnight through the weekend. “During the lockdown … volunteers will try to identify sick people reluctant or unable to seek treatment,” the Associated Press reports. “Authorities have said they expect to discover hundreds of new cases during the shutdown. Many of those infected have not sought treatment out of fear that hospitals are merely places people go to die. Others have been turned away by centers overwhelmed with patients.”

The international aid group Doctors Without Borders says the nationwide lockdown is counterproductive. “Large-scale coercive measures like forced quarantines and lockdowns are driving people underground and jeopardizing the trust between people and health providers,” Doctors Without Borders said in a statement to ABC News. “This is leading to the concealment of cases and is pushing the sick away from health systems.”