Three White Suspects Detained in Minneapolis Black Lives Matter Shooting
Three white men have been arrested in Minnesota for suspected involvement in the shooting of five Black Lives Matter protesters in Minneapolis after a confrontation on Monday night. (The five individuals who were shot sustained non-life-threatening injuries.) From the Minneapolis Star-Tribune:
Allen Lawrence “Lance” Scarsella III, 23, was arrested in Bloomington. Sources said Nathan Gustavsson, 21, of Hermantown, and Daniel Macey, 26, of Pine City, were taken into custody after they turned themselves in. All three suspects are white. Earlier Tuesday, police arrested a 32-year-old Hispanic man in south Minneapolis, but he was later released because, police said, he was not at the scene of the shooting.
The paper reports that the case may be treated as a hate crime; a Black Lives Matter spokesman said the Monday shooting occurred after "a group of white supremacists" arrived at the site of the protest. One of the suspects is known to have posted an image of a Confederate banner on his Facebook page.
The ongoing protests are related to the death of Jamar Clark, a 24-year-old black man who was shot and killed by a police officer under disputed circumstances on Nov. 15.
Liberia Backslides in Ebola Fight; Records First Death Since Being Declared Virus-Free
A 15-year-old boy in Liberia died of Ebola on Monday, according to health officials, marking the first case of the virus since the country was declared free of the disease in September. The death was also the first Ebola fatality since July. The unfortunate news comes as the country announced an ominous “fourth wave of the Ebola Virus” last week. That is dispiriting news in Liberia, the heart of the outbreak over the last two years, where more than 4,800 people have died from the more than 10,600 recorded cases of the virus.
“The boy’s father and brother also have tested positive for Ebola and have been taken to an Ebola treatment center along with his mother and two other siblings,” the Associated Press reports. “Health officials have identified nearly 160 people who might be at risk of being infected with the disease, including eight health-care workers ‘who are at high risk because they came in direct contact with the boy,’” a health ministry official told the AP.
Liberia was first declared Ebola-free on May 9, only to record two deaths from the virus the following month. The WHO again declared the country rid of the virus on Sept. 3, which held until last week's diagnosis. “Our working hypothesis is that the virus is reintroduced into the human population through uninfected people and we know that it is a possibility that people who have been infected with the virus previously may continue to transmit," Dr. Alex Gasasira, the WHO’s Liberia country representative, told Reuters.
Protests in Chicago After Video Released of Deadly Shooting of Laquan McDonald by Police
On Tuesday evening, the city of Chicago released grisly footage of the shooting of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald on Oct. 24, 2014. Last week, a Cook County judge ordered the footage be made public and Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel held a press conference appealing for calm ahead of the release of the dashcam footage that shows white Chicago Police Officer Jason Van Dyke shooting McDonald, who is black, 16 times on the street. (You can read more about the case from Slate’s Leon Neyfakh here.)
Laquan McDonald’s family opposed the video’s release and also appealed for calm in a statement. “No one understands the anger more than us, but if you choose to speak out, we urge you to be peaceful,” the family said. “Don’t resort to violence in Laquan’s name. Let his legacy be better than that.”
Here are some of protest scenes on the streets of Chicago Tuesday evening. We’ll keep updating them as they come in.
*This post has been updated with new information as it became available.
The Graphic Footage of Laquan McDonald Being Killed by a Police Officer Is Horrifying
Laquan McDonald died at age 17 on Oct. 24, 2014, when Chicago Police Officer Jason Van Dyke shot him 16 times on a street on the city’s Southwest Side. Investigators with the state’s attorney’s office looking into McDonald's death first reviewed video footage of the incident, which was captured on a squad car dashboard camera, a little less than two weeks later. But the video that showed what happened was not made public. And until last week, the city of Chicago was fighting to keep it that way, on the grounds that releasing the video would taint the ongoing investigation.
It was only after a Cook County judge ruled Nov. 19 that the video had to be made public under Illinois’ open-records law that Mayor Rahm Emanuel agreed to stop trying to block its release. Tonight, just a few hours after the police officer who fired those 16 shots was charged with first-degree murder, the video was finally released.
The video footage, which is extremely disturbing and is widely expected to provoke intense demonstrations in Chicago, can be viewed below. McDonald's final moments can be seen starting around the 4:30 mark.
At a press conference that preceded the release of the video, Emanuel asked Chicago residents to “rise to the moment this incident demands” and to be peaceful and calm in their demonstrations. Emanuel added that the officer in the video had “violated the standards of professionalism” and “basic moral standards” and noted that he was no longer being paid by the city of Chicago.
Per an account of McDonald's death provided by a lawyer for the city, Van Dyke was responding to a call about a man with a knife who was allegedly trying to break into vehicles in a trucking yard and had been following McDonald for about half a mile when the boy stabbed the tire of a squad car with his knife and damaged its windshield. McDonald had ignored orders from the police officers and had refused to drop his knife. According to Cook County State's Attorney Anita Alvarez, who gave a press conference on Van Dyke's arrest earlier today, McDonald was walking down the middle of the street when Van Dyke and his partner jumped out of their squad car, guns drawn, and Van Dyke opened fire at McDonald. In the video, you can see that McDonald is clearly moving away from Van Dyke when Van Dyke shoots him.
The Chicago Tribune reports that the police department has “ordered most of its force into uniform and warned them of potentially longer hours and canceled days off” in anticipation of the video’s release. And according to the Sun-Times, Chicago Public Schools Chief Education Officer Janice Jackson has sent a letter to parents saying administrators had developed a “special toolkit” for students who are upset by the video. “This footage is sure to raise many emotions among our children, and we want you to know that CPS will do everything possible to meet their needs,” Jackson wrote in the email.
This post has been updated to include the full video.
The Tuesday Slatest Newsletter
Two suspects—a 23-year-old white man and a 32-year-old Hispanic man—have been arrested in Minneapolis after five Black Lives Matter protesters were shot and injured last night during a protest related to the police-involved death of 24-year-old Jamar Clark on Nov. 15. In other news:
- Turkey shot down a Russian fighter jet that's believed to have crossed into its airspace near the Syrian border; Russia says the act will have "serious consequences."
- Unfortunately, those consequences will probably be good news for ISIS.
- The "good" news is that, contra immediate Twitter hysteria, this is probably not going to lead to World War III—though it's worth asking what exactly that phrase means given the number of countries already involved in the Syrian conflict.
- President Obama noted during a press conference with Françis Hollande that the Statue of Liberty is pretty clear on the matter of U.S. policy toward refugees.
- Kentucky's governor restored voting rights to 140,000 nonviolent felons.
- Amazon decorated a New York subway train with Nazi insignias to advertise a new show.
- And New York Times columnist Paul Krugman illustrated a solemn blog post about terrorism with a 2011 Slate photoshop of a cat sitting next to President Obama in the Situation Room.
Have a good day out there.
Kentucky Restores Voting Rights to 140,000 Nonviolent Felons
Outgoing Democratic Kentucky governor Steve Beshear has restored voting rights to an estimated 140,000 nonviolent felons who have served their sentences, joining a number of states that have eliminated convict voting restrictions in recent years. (The move is expected to effect another 30,000 individuals over time.) Beshear's move was accomplished via executive order—the Kentucky governor has always had the authority to restore ex-convicts' rights with pardons—but he has also encouraged the state legislature to pass a constitutional amendment to make the reforms permanent.
"The House has repeatedly advanced measures that would automatically restore rights to some felons after their sentence is complete," the Louisville Courier-Journal writes of the issue. "But the proposal has faced opposition in the Senate, where critics have pushed for a waiting period and want to reduce the types of felons who would be eligible."
Incoming Republican governor Matt Bevin has not commented on the merits of Beshear's order but has said in the past that he supports the restoration of some voting rights for former convicts. (The issue, like a number of other criminal justice reforms, is one on which many U.S. politicians of varying partisan and ideological perspectives have found common ground.)
What Do We Really Mean by “World War III”?
Shortly after a Russian jet was shot down by Turkey under disputed circumstances on the Turkish-Syrian border on Tuesday, the hashtags #worldwarIII and #worldwar3 quickly spiked on Twitter. The news also unleashed a flood of commentators and experts reassuring readers that World War III is not likely to break out. They’re right, but it’s worth considering what we mean by “world war” and what that question leaves out.
Many of the people using the hashtag likely fear a World War III that would resemble the previous two—direct conflict between multiple industrialized nations with large militaries—only much scarier given that more than one side now has access to nuclear weapons. This is unlikely to happen because of Tuesday’s incident or the Syrian conflict generally.
Russia clearly miscalculated, assuming that Turkey would tolerate Russian jets buzzing its airspace the way that Turkey’s NATO allies have. It didn’t. Russia isn’t going to just let this slide. It may support covert action against Turkey, perhaps backing militant Kurdish groups or redoubling its efforts to contain Turkish political influence in the Middle East. Russia is also Turkey’s main natural gas supplier and could raise prices or cut off the supply entirely.
Still, Russia’s unlikely to risk a shooting war with NATO, which it would lose, and certainly not over Syria. Russians were willing to accept economic hardship and international isolation over the war in Ukraine, fought for territory that the country’s people have long considered rightfully theirs. As Max Fisher noted in Vox, the conflict in Syria is less of a priority and less popular among Russians.
The Kremlin’s early reluctance to acknowledge that a terrorist bomb likely brought down a passenger jet in Egypt in October may have been a sign that Russia’s leaders aren’t so sure of how high a price Russians are willing to pay for Putin’s intervention on behalf of Bashar al-Assad. Vladimir Putin’s MO for military action has long been deniable, quickly reversible “hybrid warfare” in situations where he knows he’s likely to face limited retribution. If he wasn’t willing to start World War III over Ukraine, he won’t start it over Syria.
That being said, there’s a separate conversation over whether the Syrian conflict already is, in fact, a world war. Jordan’s King Abdullah has suggested as much recently, as has Pope Francis.* After all, the war in Syria has drawn in direct and proxy intervention from more than a dozen countries. It has spawned multiple fronts and overlapping alliances. It has spread into Iraq and challenged long-standing national borders. It has involved wanton brutality against civilians including genocide. It has sparked ancillary violence in neighboring countries and as far away as Paris. It has directly led to the worst refugee crisis the world has faced since World War II, not to mention the deaths of between 200,000 and 310,000 people, depending on the estimate.
But this also hasn’t been the first war of this type, or scale, in the post-World War II era. The Korean War was a proxy battle between rival superpowers involving U.S. ground troops that left more than 2 million dead. The second Congo war in the late 1990s and early 2000s, which may have killed as many as 3 million people and which involved intervention by half a dozen countries, is sometimes called “Africa’s World War.”
Wars today are more likely to be fought within individual countries between governments and insurgents, rather than between separate national armies over territory. While these wars can involve multiple countries, these countries are participating more often by proxy than through direct confrontation. Devastating and destabilizing as these wars can be—and Syria is about the worst-case scenario for one—they’re still less deadly than the world wars of the 20th century. That’s at least one reason why its plausible to say that the world is getting more peaceful despite the daily atrocities we witness around the globe.
This trend won’t necessarily last forever, of course, and what people are really asking when they wonder about the possibility of “World War III” is if we’ll see a return to the even more devastating form of warfare seen in the 20th century. We’re not there yet, though the unfolding catastrophe in Syria is pretty terrifying for what it is on its own.
*Correction, Nov. 24, 2015: Due to an editing error, this post originally misidentified Jordan’s King Abdullah as Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah, who is deceased.
Obama: The Statue of Liberty Lays Out Some Pretty Clear Guidelines on the Whole Refugees Thing
President Obama met French president François Hollande at the White House today to discuss the fight against ISIS, after which the two held a joint press conference. Obama, in his prepared remarks, addressed the ongoing controversy over whether his administration should follow through on its commitment to take in 10,000 Syrian refugees by mentioning the Statue of Liberty, which was a gift from France to the United States:
For those who want to harm us, our actions have shown that we have too much resolve and too much character. Americans will not be terrorized. I say all of this because another part of being vigilant, another part of defeating terrorists like ISIL, is upholding the rights and the freedoms that define our two great republics. That includes freedom of religion. That includes equality before the law. There have been times in our history, in moments of fear, when we have failed to uphold our highest ideals, and it has been to our lasting regret. We must uphold our ideals now—each of us, all of us, must show that America is strengthened by people of every faith and every background.
Related to this, I want to note that under president Hollande, France plans to welcome an additional 30,000 Syrian refugees over the next two years. Here in the United States, refugees coming to America go through up to two years of intense security checks and biometric screening. Nobody who comes to America goes through more screening than refugees. And we're prepared to share these tools with France and our European partners. As François said, our humanitarian duty to help desperate refugees, and our duty to our security—those duties go hand in hand.
On the Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, there are the words we know so well. "Give us your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to be free." That's the spirit that makes us America. That's the spirit that binds to us France. That's the spirit that we need today.
The lesser-known first verse of Emma Lazarus' "The New Colossus," in fact, refers to the Statue of Liberty as the Mother of Exiles. "From her beacon-hand," the poem says, "Glows world-wide welcome."
Solemn Paul Krugman Times Column About Terrorism Illustrated With Slate Cat Picture
The Internet was abuzz Tuesday morning about a Paul Krugman New York Times blog post illustrated with an image, into which a white, fluffy cat has been inserted, of President Obama and other high-level officials in the White House Situation Room during the raid on Osama Bin Laden's compound in Pakistan.
(The Slate post was itself a riff on a popular Foreign Policy slideshow—of real pictures—called "War Dog.")
Times spokeswoman Eileen Murphy said in an email that the use of the cat photo was intentional—Krugman is a known cat guy—and since being posted it's been updated with a link to Slate.
Turkey Downing That Russian Fighter Jet Is Terrible News for the War on ISIS
Whatever post-Paris unity there might have been in the fractious coalition of nations fighting ISIS in Syria crashed and burned on the Syria-Turkey border on Tuesday as Turkish F-16s shot down a Russian SU-24 fighter.
Turkey, which has previously protested Russian violations of its airspace and shot down an unmanned Russian drone in October, says the Russian fighter had entered its territory, which Russia denies.
Further raising the stakes, a group of Turkmen rebels in northern Syria, who have recently been supported by Turkish airpower, claim to have killed the two Russian pilots. Russian President Vladimir Putin called the incident a “stab in the back,” accusing NATO, of which Turkey and the United States are members, of being accomplices of ISIS. He promised “significant consequences, including for Russia-Turkish relations.”
Putin’s tough rhetoric aside, this is unlikely to lead to direct military confrontation between Russia and NATO-member Turkey. As veteran Russia-watcher Mark Galeotti lays out, the risks to both sides are just too great for this to dissolve into even an overly aggressive diplomatic confrontation. In this situation, that’s what counts as good news.
But the implications for the Syrian civil war, and the separate but related international campaign against ISIS, could be significant. The incident comes just as French President François Hollande arrives in Washington on the first stop of a trip aimed at a building a coalition to take more significant military action against ISIS. His next stop is Moscow. While the U.S. has viewed the Russian intervention in Syria with suspicion because of Russia’s support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and attacks on non-ISIS rebels, France has been more open to the idea of working with the Russians. France, tellingly, did not invoke NATO’s mutual defense clause after the Paris attacks—as the U.S. did after 9/11—possibly as a form of outreach to NATO-wary Moscow.
And recent days had actually given some rare cause for hope that the international coalition could get on the same page. In the wake of the bombing of a Russian passenger plane over Sinai—for which ISIS claimed responsibility—Russia finally began serious airstrikes on Islamic State targets in Syria after weeks of focusing its fire on anti-Assad rebels. More significantly, it alerted the United States to those strikes. On the diplomatic front, outside powers including Russia, Iran, the United States, France, and Turkey made more progress than was expected on developing a plan for a cease-fire between Assad and the rebels during a meeting in Vienna one day after the Paris attacks.
After Tuesday, Russia is unlikely to build on cooperation with NATO forces in Syria. Not surprisingly, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has called off a planned trip to Turkey. Putin may also redouble the country’s campaign against Turkish-backed rebel groups in Syria and its support for the Assad regime. Turkey and the Gulf states had been pushing at Vienna to expand the number of rebel groups viewed as “legitimate” opposition, which Russia, Iran, and their Syrian proxies are now more likely to reject.
Under the best circumstances, Turkey and Russia would both be highly problematic partners in any project aimed at destroying ISIS. Russia is more interested in defending a Syrian regime that has abetted the Islamic State’s rise. Turkey has only belatedly joined U.S.-led airstrikes against ISIS, but has also continued to bomb the Kurdish fighters that have been the most effective force in fighting ISIS on the ground. Still, given their deep involvement in the conflict, it’s hard to imagine any meaningful political settlement in Syria without Turkey’s cooperation.
All in all, this was a good day for the Assad regime and for ISIS.