Did Britain Treat All Its Colonies Equally?
Answer by Scott Bade, studied history at Stanford University, international security analyst:
In short, the British treated their colonies in vastly different ways, both across different regions and within the same colonies over time.
The British Empire was never a consistent empire. Across various colonies, there were different raisons d'être and methods of organization for each one. Even within America, different Colonies were founded for entirely different reasons. Virginia started out as a mercantile colony run by a company; Massachusetts was originally a Puritan theocracy; New York was a crown colony taken over from the Dutch; and Maryland and Pennsylvania were religiously tolerant colonies governed by (relatively) benign hereditary feudal rulers (called proprietors), the Barons Calvert and the Penn family. South Carolina, with its sugar plantations, was more akin to a Caribbean colony than its continental neighbors. At the same time that the American Colonies were emerging, the East India Company established outposts in India, and the Royal African Company did much the same in Africa. None of them were uniformly governed or similar in character; the British government occasionally took notice but generally was not involved in their governance.
When Did TV Shows Start to Break Racial Barriers?
Answer by Irma Kalish, producer and writer, Good Times:
I think barriers were starting to break down when my husband, Rocky, and I worked on Good Times. The show actually portrayed a black family, and the idea was not to show the family as different. We weren’t going to write different jokes just because the family was a different race. Our show was there to portray the human nature of the problems they faced and what was going on with the family. The elements that held the family together—white, black, Chinese—didn’t make any difference. They all had the same purpose and family.
Why Is the Nash Equilibrium So Important?
Answer by Balaji Viswanathan, currently working on From Tryst to Tendulkar: The History of Independent India:
Game theory is a study of strategies involved in complex games. Almost every human interaction—politics, economics, law, and religion—can be modeled as a game. You are in a game if your fate is impacted by the actions of others.
There are many ways to classify the games. One such classification is whether the game is cooperative. Cooperative games are like partnerships where the players work together and contracts can be used for noncooperative players.
What Is Prison Life Like?
Read Michael Morton's answer on Slate on what it's like to be wrongfully convicted of a crime.
The first thing that surprised me about prison was the monotony. Every weekday is more or less identical—week after week, month after month, and yes, year after year after year. The routine numbs you. It grinds you down like a persistent, hacking cough. Eventually, it also erases your sense and understanding of time itself.
What Is It Like to Be Wrongfully Convicted of a Crime?
I was wrongly convicted of murdering my wife. I recall that first night in jail—it was not unlike being punched in the face. I was stunned, numb, and not sure of what lay before me. All personal control had been yanked away. What I wore, what I ate, where I slept, and where I could not go were all dictated by the state. In that situation, the absolute power of government becomes blatant, coercive, Orwellian.
Who Is the Greatest Chess Player?
Answer by John Fernandez, 2133 FIDE:
We can't answer Magnus Carlsen—not yet. His future is still ahead of him. We also can't answer Paul Morphy—in his day no one else was very good, and he got through everyone like a hot knife through butter. I present to you five options:
What Sparked Japan's Aggression During World War II?
Answer by Harold Kingsberg:
The short version: Japan's actions from 1852 to 1945 were motivated by a deep desire to avoid the fate of 19th-century China and to become a great power.
For Japan, World War II grew from a conflict historians call the Second Sino-Japanese War. The Second Sino-Japanese War began in earnest in 1937 with a battle called the Marco Polo Bridge Incident. However, before this, there had been years of border clashes between the Japanese and the Chinese, having started with the 1931 Japanese invasion of Manchuria. So, to explain Japan's behavior in the years from 1941 to 1945, we have to explain why Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931, and in order to do this, we have to go back to 1853.
Why Did Starfleet Allow Families Aboard the Enterprise in Star Trek: The Next Generation?
Answer by Dan Holliday:
So the reason is rooted in Gene Roddenberry's half-baked ideas about the future and his obsession with peace. Roddenberry was incredibly scarred by World War II, and he was obsessed with a future of peaceful exploration of the galaxy. While he accepted that there might be "others" outside of the Federation that were not idealists, for him the size of the United Federation of Planets' space was so vast that the Galaxy-class ships would have families for their pathfinder voyages.
What Subjects Should Teachers Cover That They Often Don’t?
Answer by Peter Baskerville, vocational teacher:
Teach people how to learn. As the 20th-century U.S. historian, journalist, novelist, and educator Henry Adams explained: "They know enough who know how to learn."
Technology today is not just causing change but accelerating it. Knowledge is growing at an exponential rate, rather than at a linear rate that had been the norm up until the 1960s. Today, knowledge is estimated to be doubling every 13 months, as shown by this chart on medical knowledge growth published on 2020 Vision: Curriculum Renewal Project.
What Should You Talk About on a First Date?
Answer by Ian Morgan:
A first date is not the time to hash out the deep, existential viewpoints. This should be obvious. Sadly, our world is cluttered with facts that should be obvious but all too often are not. What is less obvious is that you should not go into a first date with the idea that you will end up in bed. Hey, if it happens, good for you, but don't "expect" it.