Drug Users Around the World Are Buying Local

How It Works
June 26 2014 4:21 PM

Drug Users Around the World Are Buying Local

Mexican soldiers stand amid poppy flowers and marijuana plants during an operation at Petatlan hills in Guerrero state, Mexico, on Aug. 28, 2013.

Photo by Pedro Pardo/AFP/Getty Images

The U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime released its annual World Drug Report today, in honor of International Anti-Drug Day. (As German Lopez of Vox notes, this day has in the past been used as a pretext for governments to unveil draconian anti-drug measures.)

Joshua Keating Joshua Keating

Joshua Keating is a staff writer at Slate focusing on international affairs and writes the World blog. 

The big headline of this year’s report is a notable increase in opium production in Afghanistan and Myanmar, but overall the rate of drug use seems pretty stable. The other big trends are that global cocaine supply is falling, users are switching from heroin to synthetic opium, and marijuana use is down globally but up in North America. (The report’s data comes from before the recent legalization measures in Colorado, Washington, and Uruguay.)


Another big trend seems to be a shift from imported drugs to domestically produced substances in several regions. The report notes that in Europe, “cannabis herb produced locally or regionally now gaining ground over cannabis resin, largely sourced from Morocco, which previously was the dominant cannabis substance” on the continent.

When it comes to cocaine, use has fallen in North America likely due a lack of supply. Supply’s steady in Europe, but demand has fallen. The main area where cocaine is expanding in South America, where it is almost exclusively produced. Also, “users in some European countries are replacing heroin with synthetic opioids.” The production of methamphetamine in the U.S. and Mexico is also increasing.

The effect of the international flow of drugs is still significant—cocaine use in Africa, for instance, is largely driven by trafficking through the continent en route from South America to Europe—but there also seems to be a trend toward drug users buying local.

Back in 2011, White House drug czar Gil Kerlikowske told me “we've become much better at producing drugs in the United States,” pointing specifically at marijuana grown on public lands, meth, and prescription drug abuse. From the indications in the new UNODC report, something similar seems to be happening in Europe. 

The report seems very bearish on the trend toward legalization or decriminalization of marijuana in several countries, which makes sense given the UNODC’s overall mission. Though the report also states that “worldwide, the large majority of drug use offences are associated with cannabis” which one could argue suggest that the large majority of drug use offences should probably not even be offences.

Joshua Keating is a staff writer at Slate focusing on international affairs and writes the World blog. 


Medical Examiner

Here’s Where We Stand With Ebola

Even experienced international disaster responders are shocked at how bad it’s gotten.

U.S. Begins Airstrikes Against ISIS in Syria

The U.S. Is So, So Far Behind Europe on Clean Energy

It Is Very, Very Stupid to Compare Hope Solo to Ray Rice

Friends Was the Last Purely Pleasurable Sitcom

The Eye

This Whimsical Driverless Car Imagines Transportation in 2059


Meet the New Bosses

How the Republicans would run the Senate.

A Woman Who Escaped the Extreme Babymaking Christian Fundamentalism of Quiverfull

How in the World Did Turkey Just Get 46 Hostages Back From ISIS?

  News & Politics
Sept. 22 2014 6:30 PM What Does It Mean to Be an American? Ted Cruz and Scott Brown think it’s about ideology. It’s really about culture.
Sept. 22 2014 1:37 PM Subprime Loans Are Back! And believe it or not, that’s a good thing.
Dear Prudence
Sept. 22 2014 3:33 PM Killing With Kindness My in-laws want to throw me a get-well-from-cancer bash. There’s no way I can go.
  Double X
The XX Factor
Sept. 19 2014 4:58 PM Steubenville Gets the Lifetime Treatment (And a Cheerleader Erupts Into Flames)
  Slate Plus
Slate Plus
Sept. 22 2014 1:52 PM Tell Us What You Think About Slate Plus Help us improve our new membership program.
Brow Beat
Sept. 22 2014 9:17 PM Trent Reznor’s Gone Girl Soundtrack Sounds Like an Eerie, Innovative Success
Future Tense
Sept. 22 2014 6:27 PM Should We All Be Learning How to Type in Virtual Reality?
  Health & Science
Bad Astronomy
Sept. 22 2014 11:23 AM Two Impacts, One Landslide … on Mercury
Sports Nut
Sept. 18 2014 11:42 AM Grandmaster Clash One of the most amazing feats in chess history just happened, and no one noticed.