Fakebook: U.S. Researchers Create Phony Social Network to Study Chinese Censorship

How It Works
Sept. 12 2013 5:36 PM

Fakebook: U.S. Researchers Create Phony Social Network to Study Chinese Censorship

79146135
CHONGQING, CHINA - JANUARY 21: (CHINA OUT) Chinese youths surf the internet in a net cafe on January 21, 2008 in Chongqing Municipality, China.

Photo by China Photos/Getty Images

Information on the specific workings of China’s Internet censorship – the so-called great firewall – can be hard to come by, but Harvard political scientists Gary King, Jennifer Pan, and Margaret Roberts, devised a novel way to look at the system from the inside.  

Joshua Keating Joshua Keating

Joshua Keating is a staff writer at Slate focusing on international affairs and writes the World blog. 

As part just-released experimental study, they actually created their own fake social network, and asked tech support for help in setting up content guidelines:

We looked for a way to learn more, including changing the incentives of our sources. We did this by creating our own Chinese social media site from inside China, using all the infrastructure, procedures, and rules that existing sites must follow. To do this, we purchased a URL, contracted with a company that provides hosting services, and arranged with another company to acquire the software necessary to establish a community discussion forum. We downloaded the software and installed it ourselves. This infrastructure gave us complete access to the software and its documentation so that we could fully understand and utilize its functionality.

Advertisement

Importantly, we also had easy access to support employees at these firms, who were happy to help show us how to censor so that our website remained in accordance with government requirements. Thus, instead of trying to convince people to spare some of their time for researchers, we were able to have conversations with employees whose jobs it is to answer questions like those we posed, and fortunately they seem quite good at their jobs. We then customized the software, submitted posts ourselves, and used the software’s mechanisms to censor some. We took every step we could short of letting individuals in China post on the site to avoid causing any interference to actual social media discourse.

What they found was that the service providers and software firms provide a huge variety of choice in censorship methods, ranging from blocking certain keywords, to delaying publication on posts until they can be reviewed, to blocking certain users by IP address, to filtering out posts based on length.

In other words, there isn’t a centralized set of guidelines banning any mention of Ai Weiwei, Tibet, or Tiananmen Square, companies are instituting their own guidelines in hopes of avoiding the government’s periodic crackdowns. As the MIT Technology Review put it, the experiment suggests that “China has created a kind of competitive market in censorship… Companies are free to run their censorship operations mostly as they wish, as long as they don’t allow the wrong kind of speech to flourish.”

Even when those companies are actually just undercover American academics. 

TODAY IN SLATE

Medical Examiner

Here’s Where We Stand With Ebola

Even experienced international disaster responders are shocked at how bad it’s gotten.

U.S. Begins Air Strikes Against ISIS in Syria

The U.S. Is So, So Far Behind Europe on Clean Energy

It Is Very, Very Stupid to Compare Hope Solo to Ray Rice

Friends Was the Last Purely Pleasurable Sitcom

The Eye

This Whimsical Driverless Car Imagines Transportation in 2059

Politics

Meet the New Bosses

How the Republicans would run the Senate.

A Woman Who Escaped the Extreme Babymaking Christian Fundamentalism of Quiverfull

How in the World Did Turkey Just Get 46 Hostages Back From ISIS?

  News & Politics
Politics
Sept. 22 2014 6:30 PM What Does It Mean to Be an American? Ted Cruz and Scott Brown think it’s about ideology. It’s really about culture.
  Business
Moneybox
Sept. 22 2014 5:38 PM Apple Won't Shut Down Beats Music After All (But Will Probably Rename It)
  Life
Outward
Sept. 22 2014 4:45 PM Why Can’t the Census Count Gay Couples Accurately?
  Double X
The XX Factor
Sept. 22 2014 7:43 PM Emma Watson Threatened With Nude Photo Leak for Speaking Out About Women's Equality
  Slate Plus
Slate Plus
Sept. 22 2014 1:52 PM Tell Us What You Think About Slate Plus Help us improve our new membership program.
  Arts
Brow Beat
Sept. 22 2014 9:17 PM Trent Reznor’s Gone Girl Soundtrack Sounds Like an Eerie, Innovative Success
  Technology
Future Tense
Sept. 22 2014 6:27 PM Should We All Be Learning How to Type in Virtual Reality?
  Health & Science
Medical Examiner
Sept. 22 2014 4:34 PM Here’s Where We Stand With Ebola Even experienced international disaster responders are shocked at how bad it’s gotten.
  Sports
Sports Nut
Sept. 18 2014 11:42 AM Grandmaster Clash One of the most amazing feats in chess history just happened, and no one noticed.