History of relief to Syria: Near East relief efforts after WWI.

The Heartbreaking Posters That Convinced Americans to Help Displaced Syrians During WWI 

The Heartbreaking Posters That Convinced Americans to Help Displaced Syrians During WWI 

The Vault
Historical Treasures, Oddities, And Delights
Sept. 23 2015 1:34 PM

The Heartbreaking Posters That Convinced Americans to Help Displaced Syrians During WWI 

The American Committee for Relief in the Near East, which put these posters in circulation in the last years of World War I, began in 1915 as the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief and was formed as a humanitarian response to the Armenian genocide and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. As World War I developed, the group began to offer food and shelter to displaced people in Syria, Persia (now Iran), and Greece. 

The American Committee for Relief in the Near East's posters often used the image of a child, or a young woman, to appeal to passers-by. Throughout the war, Americans also donated to relief campaigns for Belgian and French children, and the image of hungry young people and frightened mothers came to symbolize the plight of civilians caught up in the war. 

In Syria, after the war, shelters run by Near East Relief (which was renamed and granted a Congressional charter after the end of the war) housed 45,000 orphans. The organization operated these facilities until 1930, when the last war orphans aged out of the need for care.

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LestWePerish
Ethel Franklin Betts, artist. 1918 (?).

Library of Congress

GiveOrWePerish
Wladyslaw T. Benda, artist. 1917.

Library of Congress

TheyShallNotPerish
Douglas Volk, artist. 1918.

Library of Congress

Armistice
M. Leone Bracker, artist. 1919.

Library of Congress

ChildAtYourDoor
1917.

Library of Congress

LestTheyPerish
W.B. King, artist. 1917.

Library of Congress