Images of the intense flooding around the United States this week brought to mind this Mississippi Department of Archives and History Flickr set, which collects flood images taken by photographers for the Illinois Central Railroad Company during the Mississippi River floods of 1927.
In the spring of 1927, rains that were much heavier than usual overloaded the tributaries of the river. As historian Pete Daniel points out, “the cumulative tinkering of humans”—logging, farming—combined with the abnormal rainfall to create disastrous conditions. Levees broke, and, in the end, more than 16.5 million acres flooded in seven states. The flood dislocated 637,000 people and killed between 250 and 500.
The railroad’s “flood committee” was sent to examine damage along the train lines in the Mississippi Delta. The images capture the coping strategies of citizens trying to save infrastructure and belongings from rising waters, as well as the racial injustices that the emergency circumstances had exacerbated.
The flood committee’s trip map, which charts the stops of the group as they moved from north to south to assess the damage, shows the extent of the flooding at various times in the spring.
In Egremont, Miss., people hauled possessions and livestock up onto the highest point—possibly tracks—near the railroad depot, May 2, 1927.
Near Helm, Miss., two members of the committee stand on a partially submerged track, where a group appears to be trying to move a stuck train car, May 9, 1927.
Refugees queue in a camp near Cleveland, Miss, April 29, 1927. As John M. Barry writes in his history of the flood, African-American refugee laborers who stacked sandbags on the levees were housed in camps like this one. Often, they were not allowed to leave, since the owners of the plantations where they worked were afraid of losing their tenants.
In Greenville, Miss., on April 29, 1927, two citizens pulled their car up onto their porch steps, in hopes of preserving it.
A street in Greenville, given over to water, April 20, 1927.
View from a railroad water tank, in Leland, Miss., April 30, 1927, showing livestock brought to the highest point and stationed on the tracks.
TODAY IN SLATE
Justice Ginsburg’s Crucial Dissent in the Texas Voter ID Case
The Jarring Experience of Watching White Americans Speak Frankly About Race
How Facebook’s New Feature Could Come in Handy During a Disaster
The Most Ingenious Teaching Device Ever Invented
Sprawl, Decadence, and Environmental Ruin in Nevada
You Should Be Able to Sell Your Kidney
Or at least trade it for something.
- Texas Lab Worker on Cruise Tests Negative for Ebola as Dallas Hospital Apologizes
- Police Use Tear Gas to Break Up College Pumpkin Festival Turned Violent
- Racist Rancher Cliven Bundy Challenges Eric Holder in Bizarre Campaign Ad
- Supreme Court Allows Texas Law That Accepts Handgun Permits but not College IDs to Vote
An All-Female Mission to Mars
As a NASA guinea pig, I verified that women would be cheaper to launch than men.