How to Captivate an Audience Using Gestures, From a 19th-Century Oratorical Primer
These Postures and Attitudes were meant for nineteenth-century students to use when practicing speech-giving. Presented as illustrations in Charles W. Sanders' Sanders' School Speaker: A Comprehensive Course of Instruction in the Principles of Oratory; With Numerous Exercises for Practice in Declamation, the figures advised students how to use their bodies to heighten the effect of their delivery.
A 1935 Historical Map of Shanghai, Designed by an Enthusiastic Resident Expat
Carl Crow, an American journalist and adman who lived in Shanghai for twenty-five years, designed this historical map of the city in 1935. Crow was a ceaseless promoter of China in general and Shanghai in particular, and the map illustrates his vision of a "cosmopolitan" city where American, French, British, and Chinese cultures mixed.
Bloody Accounts of Steamboat Disasters, Sold to Tourists on the 19th-Century Mississippi
Publisher James T. Lloyd's 1856 book Lloyd's Steamboat Directory, and Disasters on the Western Waters, is illustrated by 32 woodcuts of explosions, fires, and foundering ships, chronicling a decades-long history of steamboat mayhem. (The whole book is digitally available via the Library of Congress, on the Internet Archive.)
Sumptuous 1920s Art Nouveau Prints of Insects From Around the World
E.A. Séguy, a French artist, created these prints of insects in the 1920s and sold them in pattern books to others who might use them for inspiration in coming up with designs for textiles or wallpaper. Like other work in the Art Nouveau tradition, Seguy's images look to nature for inspiration, adopting a crowded, colorful aesthetic. Given their strongly geometrical aspect, his insects might also inspire designers working in the newer Art Deco style.
A Telephone Map of the United States Shows Where You Could Call Using Ma Bell in 1910
There were 5.8 million telephones in the Bell/AT&T network in 1910, when this map was published. It shows the uneven development of early telephone service in the United States, and gives us a sense of which places could speak to each other over Bell’s long-distance lines in the first decade of the twentieth century.
The Two-Page Plot Outline a Writer of the Hardy Boys Series Used to Crank Out a Book
In this two-page outline for the 1927 Hardy Boys’ mystery The House on the Cliff, Edward Stratemeyer directed writer Leslie Macfarlane in the construction of the plot of the second book in the franchise’s original series. The book was officially published as the work of Franklin W. Dixon, a fictional author whose name appears on all of the Hardy Boys books.
How a Jewish Rescuer Smuggled Hundreds of Jews Out of Poland During WWII
Ben Zion Kalb (later named Colb) was 29 years old when the Germans invaded Poland in September, 1939. After a violent encounter with a German policeman, Kalb realized that Poland had become unsafe for Jews, and escaped to Slovakia. (This country, while allied with the Axis powers and initially complicit with the deportation of its Jewish citizens, refused to allow deportations after October, 1942.)
A 19th-Century Japanese View of London, by an Artist Who’d Never Been There
Utagawa Yoshitora’s 1866 prints “Igirisukoku Rondon no zu” form a triptych view of London. Together, the three images depict a street scene near the River Thames, complete with thronging English pedestrians, two sailing ships, horses, oxen, and carriages.
Mark Twain’s Memory Builder Game Will (Probably Not) Help You Learn Historical Dates
This game, patented by Mark Twain in 1885, is a learning aid meant to help students practice historical knowledge. Professor of English Stephen Railton writes that Twain, an amateur inventor who came up with the idea for the game while finishing the manuscript of Huck Finn, “conceived the game as a way to help his daughters learn historical dates, but it quickly grew in his mind into a marketable commodity.”