Russia begins Syria airstrikes: U.S. officials say bombs appear to be targeting anti-Assad rebels, not ISIS

Russia Begins Bombing Campaign in Syria to Support Assad and Antagonize the U.S.    

Russia Begins Bombing Campaign in Syria to Support Assad and Antagonize the U.S.    

The Slatest
Your News Companion
Sept. 30 2015 5:13 PM

Russia Begins Bombing Campaign in Syria to Support Assad and Antagonize the U.S.    

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Russian President Vladimir Putin (L) and U.S. President Barack Obama shake hands for the cameras before the start of a bilateral meeting at the United Nations headquarters September 28, 2015 in New York City.

Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

After weeks of build-up, Russia has begun its military offensive in Syria with airstrikes in rebel-controlled areas in Homs and Hama provinces. Russian defense officials say that about 20 airstrikes hit ISIS targets. However, U.S. officials say the location of the strikes—far from ISIS-controlled territory—makes that unlikely, and initial reports on the ground suggest that the strikes were targeted at groups affiliated with the Free Syrian Army, the main umbrella group for relatively secular rebels fighting against Bashar al-Assad’s government, who have received some U.S. support.

This confirms widespread suspicions over the past couple weeks that Russia’s military build-up in Syria is aimed more at protecting Assad—from all enemies—rather than going after ISIS in particular. U.S. and Israeli officials were especially alarmed by Russia’s deployment of anti-aircraft systems, given that ISIS doesn’t have any planes.

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Today’s events seem to prove the skeptics right. Russia reportedly gave the U.S. an hour’s notice about the strikes and response from Washington was mixed: Defense Secretary Ashton Carter said “I take the Russians at their word" about their intentions with the airstrikes; Secretary of State John Kerry tweeted that the U.S. would have “grave concerns” if it turned out the strikes took place where ISIS was not operating.

Anonymously, U.S. defense officials were livid, with one telling Politico that Russia’s action “completely bypasses every bit of legitimate discussion we've had with them so far." Sen. John McCain gave a blistering speech on the floor of the Senate, calling Russia’s actions “the inevitable consequence of hollow words, red lines crossed, tarnished moral influence, leading from behind and a total lack of American leadership.”

Despite devoting their respective speeches at the United Nations on Monday to refuting each other’s worldviews, Obama and Putin held a meeting on Monday, raising hopes that there could be cooperation between the two powers to help bring an end to the conflict in Syria, even if it meant tolerating a future role for Assad in the government. That era of relatively good feelings lasted about a day.    

Joshua Keating is a staff writer at Slate focusing on international affairs and author of the forthcoming book, Invisible Countries.