Obama Called Ethiopia a Democracy. It Is Not.

Obama Called Ethiopia a Democracy. It Is Not.  

Obama Called Ethiopia a Democracy. It Is Not.  

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July 28 2015 3:39 PM

Obama Called Ethiopia a Democracy. It Is Not.  

U.S. President Barack Obama in Ethiopia 2015
U.S. President Barack Obama delivers remarks at the African Union in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia July 28, 2015.

Photo by Jonathan Ernst/Reuters

In the first ever speech by a U.S. president to the African Union, Barack Obama criticized African leaders for clinging to power, saying "nobody should be president for life," (though he joked he could win a third term if the U.S. constitution would allow it). He also denounced countries that institute "democracy in name, but not in substance” while jailing opponents and journalists.

The criticism might have held a little more weight if it hadn’t come shortly after Obama described host country Ethiopia’s government as “democratically elected” in a press conference with Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn. In the East African country’s last election, Hailemariam’s EPRDF party, which has ruled Ethiopia since 1991, and its allies won all but two of the seats in parliament amid allegations of voter harassment and obstruction of election observers. Freedom House has classified the country as “not free” and criticized Hailemariam’s government for “harassing and imprisoning political opponents, journalists, and the country’s Muslim population.”

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Obama’s own State Department cited these problems as well as “alleged arbitrary killings, alleged torture, beating, abuse, and mistreatment of detainees” in its recent human rights report. Ethiopia might not have “presidents for life,” but Hailemariam’s predecessor, Meles Zenawi, served for 17 years before dying in office and being replaced by the party’s chosen successor.

At least Obama did urge the “fledgling democracy,” as he put it, which has seen years of rapid economic growth under the EPRDF’s rule, to include more voices in the political process. Ethiopia is also seen by the U.S. government as an important partner in fighting militant groups like al-Shabaab. Ethiopian troops are on the front lines fighting the group in Somalia, and U.S. drones have been launched from its territory. Obama’s generous description of the country’s democratic progress doesn’t do much to dispel the impression that the U.S. will only go so far in pushing its counterterrorism allies to clean up their act.

Joshua Keating is a staff writer at Slate focusing on international affairs.