What Can the Divided Supreme Court Accomplish This Term?

How to Make Government Work
Oct. 1 2012 4:40 PM

What Can the Divided Supreme Court Accomplish This Term?

Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia takes part in an interview with Chris Wallace on 'FOX News Sunday' in July in Washington, DC.
Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia on Fox News in July

Photo by Paul Morigi/Getty Images.

The Supreme Court starts a new term Monday, beginning a year that will perhaps force it to resolve the constitutionality of affirmative action, the legal status of same-sex marriage, and a range of Fourth Amendment issues that have percolated up through the criminal justice system.

All of which reminds us that five is the most powerful number in the nation. Five votes on the Supreme Court can pick a president (recall Bush v. Gore), redefine our constitutional rights (think Citizens United), and determine the constitutionality of a statute (remember last June’s health care decision). As Congress and the executive branch have proven themselves too often mired in gridlock and avoidance behavior in recent years, the Supreme Court has emerged as our most decisive branch of government.


But the old mythology that the Supreme Court can depend upon a neutral analysis of legal principles to resolve these tough issues is more and more suspect. The court itself has been mired in what often seems to be little more than ideological bickering. Witness the acid tone of the four conservative justices in their dissent in the health care case.

This partisanship—and the intellectual gamesmanship of those who erect false interpretive facades to justify outcome-oriented reasoning—detracts from the historic role of our final and most august deliberative body.

Yet even as one who wants to believe in the majesty of the law, I must acknowledge that the court has always been little more than a reflection of the time in which it serves. In the 1870s, it was grossly protective of corporate power and trusts. In the early 1900s, it was hostile to any form of collective action by workers. In the 1950s—finally—it blazed a trail for integration and recognition that separate is inherently unequal. In the 1960s, it opened new vistas of civil rights for individuals. Now, like much of the nation, it is polarized, while tending toward what is viewed as a "conservative" worldview.

The court over its history has given us both euphoric moments of progress and unfortunate stagnation. The term ahead will probably be no different. Here's to hoping that Justices Breyer, Ginsburg, Sotomayor, and Kagan can find the fifth vote they need in the critical cases to move us forward, not backward.

Eliot Spitzer, the former governor of the state of New York, hosts Viewpoint on Current TV. Follow @eliotspitzer on Twitter.



Meet the New Bosses

How the Republicans would run the Senate.

The Government Is Giving Millions of Dollars in Electric-Car Subsidies to the Wrong Drivers

Scotland Is Just the Beginning. Expect More Political Earthquakes in Europe.

Cheez-Its. Ritz. Triscuits.

Why all cracker names sound alike.

Friends Was the Last Purely Pleasurable Sitcom

The Eye

This Whimsical Driverless Car Imagines Transportation in 2059

Medical Examiner

Did America Get Fat by Drinking Diet Soda?  

A high-profile study points the finger at artificial sweeteners.

The Afghan Town With a Legitimately Good Tourism Pitch

A Futurama Writer on How the Vietnam War Shaped the Series

  News & Politics
Sept. 21 2014 11:34 PM People’s Climate March in Photos Hundreds of thousands of marchers took to the streets of NYC in the largest climate rally in history.
Business Insider
Sept. 20 2014 6:30 AM The Man Making Bill Gates Richer
Sept. 20 2014 7:27 AM How Do Plants Grow Aboard the International Space Station?
  Double X
The XX Factor
Sept. 19 2014 4:58 PM Steubenville Gets the Lifetime Treatment (And a Cheerleader Erupts Into Flames)
  Slate Plus
Tv Club
Sept. 21 2014 1:15 PM The Slate Doctor Who Podcast: Episode 5  A spoiler-filled discussion of "Time Heist."
Sept. 21 2014 9:00 PM Attractive People Being Funny While Doing Amusing and Sometimes Romantic Things Don’t dismiss it. Friends was a truly great show.
Future Tense
Sept. 21 2014 11:38 PM “Welcome to the War of Tomorrow” How Futurama’s writers depicted asymmetrical warfare.
  Health & Science
The Good Word
Sept. 21 2014 11:44 PM Does This Name Make Me Sound High-Fat? Why it just seems so right to call a cracker “Cheez-It.”
Sports Nut
Sept. 18 2014 11:42 AM Grandmaster Clash One of the most amazing feats in chess history just happened, and no one noticed.