Latvia Joins the Eurozone

A blog about business and economics.
Dec. 31 2013 9:36 AM

Latvia Joins the Eurozone

459509029
Excessive use of dill is a sad legacy of Russian domination.

Photo by Ilmars Znotins/AFP/Getty Images

The small nation of Latvia (it's the one sandwiched between Lithuania and Estonia, and they speak a language similar to Lithuanian) is joining the eurozone today which is a good reminder to non-Europeans of the fundamentally political rather than economic nature of the single currency.

The thing about Latvia is that it is, roughly speaking, part of the "western" cultural sphere. Its language is written in a Latin script with diacritical marks. When Latvia Christianized in the 12th and 13th centuries, it was part of the Roman Catholic communion, and due to political links with Sweden it mostly adopted Lutheran Protestantism during the reformation. But after Sweden's defeat in the Great Northern War in the early 18th century, Latvia ended up incorporated into the Russian Empire. There it stayed for about 200 years until it was overrun by German forced during World War I. Then Germany lost the war while the Russian government collapsed during the Bolshevik Revolution so Latvia became independent in 1920 only to be incorporated into the USSR after World War II. The collapse of the USSR led to Latvian independence, but since Latvia's political domination by Russia long predated the rise of communism, there was no particular reason for either Russians or Latvians to consider it a settled matter.

But starting today they're going to use the same money in Latvia as they use in Leipzig and Lisbon and Lyon.

Advertisement

Whether that's actually practical from a monetary policy standpoint is less important to its proponents than is the fact that integration into the eurozone situates Latvia exactly where Latvian nationalists have been trying to situate it for over a century—in the west and outside the Russian sphere of influence. You see the same thing in Finland which is also eager to definitively reject Russian hegemony, and in Ireland where the eurozone is a sign of freedom from British hegemony. In Germany and France it's a sign of peace.

It's more than a little unfortunate that this particular thing has become the symbol par excellence of European solidarity. Currency arrangements turn out to have enormous practical impact, and this particular currency arrangement is not very workable. And yet the project continues to be a lot more robust than I'd have guessed two years ago because of its tremendous political meaning.

Matthew Yglesias is the executive editor of Vox and author of The Rent Is Too Damn High.

TODAY IN SLATE

Politics

The Democrats’ War at Home

How can the president’s party defend itself from the president’s foreign policy blunders?

Congress’ Public Shaming of the Secret Service Was Political Grandstanding at Its Best

Michigan’s Tradition of Football “Toughness” Needs to Go—Starting With Coach Hoke

A Plentiful, Renewable Resource That America Keeps Overlooking

Animal manure.

Windows 8 Was So Bad That Microsoft Will Skip Straight to Windows 10

Politics

Cringing. Ducking. Mumbling.

How GOP candidates react whenever someone brings up reproductive rights or gay marriage.

Building a Better Workplace

You Deserve a Pre-cation

The smartest job perk you’ve never heard of.

Hasbro Is Cracking Down on Scrabble Players Who Turn Its Official Word List Into Popular Apps

Florida State’s New President Is Underqualified and Mistrusted. He Just Might Save the University.

  News & Politics
Politics
Sept. 30 2014 9:33 PM Political Theater With a Purpose Darrell Issa’s public shaming of the head of the Secret Service was congressional grandstanding at its best.
  Business
Moneybox
Sept. 30 2014 7:02 PM At Long Last, eBay Sets PayPal Free
  Life
Gaming
Sept. 30 2014 7:35 PM Who Owns Scrabble’s Word List? Hasbro says the list of playable words belongs to the company. Players beg to differ.
  Double X
The XX Factor
Sept. 30 2014 12:34 PM Parents, Get Your Teenage Daughters the IUD
  Slate Plus
Behind the Scenes
Sept. 30 2014 3:21 PM Meet Jordan Weissmann Five questions with Slate’s senior business and economics correspondent.
  Arts
Brow Beat
Sept. 30 2014 8:54 PM Bette Davis Talks Gender Roles in a Delightful, Animated Interview From 1963
  Technology
Future Tense
Sept. 30 2014 7:00 PM There’s Going to Be a Live-Action Tetris Movie for Some Reason
  Health & Science
Medical Examiner
Sept. 30 2014 11:51 PM Should You Freeze Your Eggs? An egg freezing party is not a great place to find answers to this or other questions.
  Sports
Sports Nut
Sept. 30 2014 5:54 PM Goodbye, Tough Guy It’s time for Michigan to fire its toughness-obsessed coach, Brady Hoke.