The Black-White Income Gap Is as Big as Ever

Moneybox
A blog about business and economics.
Aug. 28 2013 10:06 AM

The Black-White High School Graduation Gap Has Nearly Closed. The Income Gap Is as Big as Ever.

177593878
Tourists visit the the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial on Aug. 24, 2013. Can King's dream is being fulfilled in some ways, but not others.

Photo by Pete Marovich/Getty Images

To state the obvious, race relations in America are dramatically different today than they were 50 years ago. And this manifests itself in any number of concrete ways. One particularly dramatic way is the closing of the once-enormous gap in high school graduation rates (data via Pew), which have risen for both whites and blacks while growing more equal:

high school gap

Unfortunately, the racial gap in median household income remains about as large as ever:

income gap
Advertisement

And since wealth is built up multigenerationally over time, the black-white gap in wealth remains absolutely enormous. Many middle-class white families—but very few middle-class black ones—still enjoy some wealth legacy from the New Deal and Fair Deal eras when affirmative action was white. Extensive government programs were created to bolster middle-class wealth and incomes, and black citizens were more or less excluded from participating in them.

Matthew Yglesias is the executive editor of Vox and author of The Rent Is Too Damn High.

  Slate Plus
Slate Picks
Dec. 19 2014 4:15 PM What Happened at Slate This Week? Staff writer Lily Hay Newman shares what stories intrigued her at the magazine this week.