Gary MacDougal's Misleading Op-Ed On Anti-Poverty Programs

A blog about business and economics.
Oct. 26 2012 2:34 PM

Gary MacDougal's Misleading Op-Ed On Anti-Poverty Programs

The American government spends a lot of money on things that are not anti-poverty programs. We have aircraft carriers and the National Weather Service and highways and Medicaid benefits that cover nursing home care for middle class senior citizens and help get assistance for disabled children. Clearly if we took all of that money and instead gave it as cash grants to the poor, the poor would have a lot more money.

Gary MacDougal has taken a version of this insight and used it to create a very misleading impression that America's anti-poverty programs are ineffective:

Each year, American taxpayers spend nearly $1 trillion trying to help the poor, according to a recent study by the Cato Institute. It’s easy to miss that headline number, though, because the money flows into and out of scores of federal, state and local government programs. In April, Michael D. Tanner, a senior fellow at Cato, a libertarian research group, compiled a list of 126 federal programs for low-income Americans, which together spend $668 billion of taxpayer money annually. State and local governments allocate an additional $284 billion, he estimated.
Advertisement

He then says "Divide $1 trillion by 46 million and you get around $21,700 for each American in poverty, or nearly $87,000 for a family of four" and observes that cash grants on that scale would raise everyone above the poverty line.

The idea is to persuade you that America's anti-poverty programs are hideously wasteful and therefore you shouldn't feel bad about the fact that Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan want to drastically curtail spending on them. But he's executing a bait-and-switch here and counting as "programs for low-income Americans" things like Medicaid that are important to low-income Americans but also spend a lot of money on people who aren't low-income.

He also doesn't tell you that the way the Federal Poverty Line works is that the value of in-kind benefits is excluded by definition from ameliorating poverty. So if you take a family that's $100 below the poverty line, take away $500 worth of food stamp benefits from them, and then give them a $105 cash grant the federal government will say you've lifted them above the poverty line. But while I'd rather have a dollar than a $1 of SNAP benefits, you're clearly better off with $500 of SNAP benefits than $105.

All that said, I really do think it's too bad that MacDougal has presented this point in such a sloppy way because the underlying idea—that we could do more for the poor by giving them more money and fewer in-kind services—seems perfectly sound to me.

TODAY IN SLATE

Medical Examiner

Here’s Where We Stand With Ebola

Even experienced international disaster responders are shocked at how bad it’s gotten.

Why Are Lighter-Skinned Latinos and Asians More Likely to Vote Republican?

A Woman Who Escaped the Extreme Babymaking Christian Fundamentalism of Quiverfull

The XX Factor
Sept. 22 2014 12:29 PM A Woman Who Escaped the Extreme Babymaking Christian Fundamentalism of Quiverfull

Subprime Loans Are Back

And believe it or not, that’s a good thing.

It Is Very Stupid to Compare Hope Solo to Ray Rice

Building a Better Workplace

In Defense of HR

Startups and small businesses shouldn’t skip over a human resources department.

How Ted Cruz and Scott Brown Misunderstand What It Means to Be an American Citizen

Divestment Is Fine but Mostly Symbolic. There’s a Better Way for Universities to Fight Climate Change.

  News & Politics
Politics
Sept. 22 2014 6:30 PM What Does It Mean to Be an American? Ted Cruz and Scott Brown think it’s about ideology. It’s really about culture.
  Business
Moneybox
Sept. 22 2014 5:38 PM Apple Won't Shut Down Beats Music After All (But Will Probably Rename It)
  Life
Dear Prudence
Sept. 23 2014 6:00 AM Naked and Afraid Prudie offers advice on whether a young boy should sleep in the same room with his nude grandfather.
  Double X
The XX Factor
Sept. 22 2014 7:43 PM Emma Watson Threatened With Nude Photo Leak for Speaking Out About Women's Equality
  Slate Plus
Slate Plus
Sept. 22 2014 1:52 PM Tell Us What You Think About Slate Plus Help us improve our new membership program.
  Arts
Books
Sept. 23 2014 7:14 AM Fighting the Sophomore Slump, Five Novels at a Time Announcing the Slate/Whiting Second Novel List.
  Technology
Future Tense
Sept. 22 2014 6:27 PM Should We All Be Learning How to Type in Virtual Reality?
  Health & Science
Bad Astronomy
Sept. 23 2014 7:00 AM I Stand with Emma Watson
  Sports
Sports Nut
Sept. 18 2014 11:42 AM Grandmaster Clash One of the most amazing feats in chess history just happened, and no one noticed.