Paul Ryan's Plan To Eliminate the Entire Nonhealth, Nonmilitary Undertakings of the Federal Government

A blog about business and economics.
March 21 2012 12:05 PM

Paul Ryan's Plan To Eliminate the Entire Nonhealth, Nonmilitary Undertakings of the Federal Government

141624585
Rep. Paul Ryan (R-WI) (L) and members of the House Budget Committee introduce the House FY2013 budget at a news conference at the Capitol on March 20, 2012 in Washington, D.C.

Photograph by T.J. Kirkpatrick/Getty Images.

Ezra Klein wrote a smart post yesterday detailing what he terms "unrealistic assumptions" lurking in Paul Ryan's budget proposal. Calling them assumptions seems like a mistake to me. Ryan is offering a policy proposal. To assume the proposal will pass into law is unrealistic as such, but if it did pass the law of the land would be what it is. The key thing here is that under Ryan's plan the entire nonmilitary non-Social Security non-Medicare non-Medicaid federal government would have to get by on 3.75 percent of GDP. That's not an "assumption" it would be, rather, a legislative requirement that's binding on federal appropriators.

Ryan hasn't said exactly how much of that 3.75 percent he thinks should go to the military, but he has said that he wants to see the military spend more than the Obama administration has proposed, defense spending has never fallen below 3 percent of GDP in the modern era, and Mitt Romney's campaign is calling for 4 percent of GDP to be spent on the military. It's also worth noting that there's an array of military spending related to nuclear weapons stashed in the Department of Energy's budget. The upshot is that to meet the spending caps consistent with Ryan's views on the appropriate level of military spending would require us to completely dismantle the rest of the federal government. You could probably keep the main federal law enforcement agencies up and running so we wouldn't have totally unguarded borders, no personal protection for the president, convicted felons running loose in the streets, etc. But keeping the lights on at the FBI and so forth would mean the end of everything else. No food stamps, no highway construction, no aid to low-income school districts, no foreign aid, no nothing.

Advertisement

That's not politically realistic, but it's not inherently unworkable. It's a vision of a return to an old-school much more federalist United States in which the federal government has few if any nonmilitary functions and social welfare and basic infrastructure are provided for by state governments. Since state governments will have a higher cost of funds than the federal government they'll probably structurally underinvest in basic infrastructure, and the macroeconomy will be destabilized by the wildly pro-cyclical budgeting that decentralized social welfare provision will imply. That said, the macroeconomic chaos that would be unleashed by Ryan's approach to budgeting pales in comparison to the consequences of his monetary policy ideas so I'm not sure this would be that big a deal. My point is that the 10th Amendment and federalism are things we've heard conservatives talk about for a long time, and here's a budget that encapsulates those ideas.

Matthew Yglesias is the executive editor of Vox and author of The Rent Is Too Damn High.

TODAY IN SLATE

Foreigners

More Than Scottish Pride

Scotland’s referendum isn’t about nationalism. It’s about a system that failed, and a new generation looking to take a chance on itself. 

What Charles Barkley Gets Wrong About Corporal Punishment and Black Culture

Why Greenland’s “Dark Snow” Should Worry You

Three Talented Actresses in Three Terrible New Shows

Why Do Some People See the Virgin Mary in Grilled Cheese?

The science that explains the human need to find meaning in coincidences.

Jurisprudence

Happy Constitution Day!

Too bad it’s almost certainly unconstitutional.

Is It Worth Paying Full Price for the iPhone 6 to Keep Your Unlimited Data Plan? We Crunch the Numbers.

What to Do if You Literally Get a Bug in Your Ear

  News & Politics
Weigel
Sept. 16 2014 7:03 PM Kansas Secretary of State Loses Battle to Protect Senator From Tough Race
  Business
Moneybox
Sept. 16 2014 4:16 PM The iPhone 6 Marks a Fresh Chance for Wireless Carriers to Kill Your Unlimited Data
  Life
The Eye
Sept. 16 2014 12:20 PM These Outdoor Cat Shelters Have More Style Than the Average Home
  Double X
The XX Factor
Sept. 15 2014 3:31 PM My Year As an Abortion Doula
  Slate Plus
Slate Plus Video
Sept. 16 2014 2:06 PM A Farewell From Emily Bazelon The former senior editor talks about her very first Slate pitch and says goodbye to the magazine.
  Arts
Brow Beat
Sept. 16 2014 8:43 PM This 17-Minute Tribute to David Fincher Is the Perfect Preparation for Gone Girl
  Technology
Future Tense
Sept. 16 2014 6:40 PM This iPhone 6 Feature Will Change Weather Forecasting
  Health & Science
Medical Examiner
Sept. 16 2014 11:46 PM The Scariest Campfire Story More horrifying than bears, snakes, or hook-handed killers.
  Sports
Sports Nut
Sept. 15 2014 9:05 PM Giving Up on Goodell How the NFL lost the trust of its most loyal reporters.