It Will Soon Be Legal to Unlock Your Cellphone

The Citizen's Guide to the Future
July 25 2014 4:20 PM

Finally, It Will Be Legal to Unlock Your Own Cellphone

It will no longer be a crime to switch carriers once your contact expires.
It will no longer be a crime to switch carriers once your contact expires.

Maksim Kabakou / Shutterstock.com

Congress has approved a bill that will make it legal for Americans to unlock their cellphones so they can switch between wireless carriers.

Will Oremus Will Oremus

Will Oremus is Slate's senior technology writer.

The House of Representatives on Friday unanimously passed S. 517, less than two weeks after the Senate approved it. Now it just needs a signature from President Obama to become law.

Advertisement

The bill, authored by Sen. Patrick Leahy, reverses a 2012 ruling by the Library of Congress that made cellphone unlocking a violation of federal copyright laws. That meant that people were stuck with their existing carriers—like AT&T or Verizon—even after their contracts had expired.  

Now, assuming Obama signs the bill, cellphone unlocking will once again be exempted from a highly controversial statute in the 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act called Section 1201. That section makes it illegal for consumers to circumvent technologies that control access to a copyrighted work. The Library of Congress first exempted cell phone unlocking from that statute in 2006, but then closed the exemption in 2012.

That outraged activists who saw it as a way for wireless carriers to grab power from consumers by limiting what they can do with their own cellphones. The grassroots protests coalesced around a 2013 WhiteHouse.gov petition written by Sina Khanifar, a 27-year-old San Francisco entrepreneur. Against the odds, the petition gathered more than 100,000 signatures and eventually drew a supportive response from the White House.

Even then, action from the FCC and/or Congress seemed unlikely. But activists pressed on, and in the end both the FCC and Congress addressed many of their concerns. Friday’s passage of the Senate bill came seven months after U.S. wireless carriers reached a voluntary agreement, under FCC pressure, to unlock customers’ cellphones for them on request once their contracts expired.

The new law doesn’t necessarily mean people can unlock their phones whenever the want, however. Many wireless contracts still prohibit the practice for as long as the contract remains in force (often two years), even when customers are traveling abroad. Still, advocates view Congress’ approval of the bill as a rare and much-needed blow for consumer rights in the digital age.

“It’s been a long road against powerful, entrenched interests,” Khanifar said, adding that the cellphone unlocking skirmish is part of a much bigger battle over digital copyright laws. “Hopefully this is beginning to highlight how ridiculous the 1201 process really is,” he said.

Update, July 25, 2014, 4:26 p.m.: President Obama confirmed to Bloomberg that he looks forward to signing the bill.

Previously in Slate:

Future Tense is a partnership of SlateNew America, and Arizona State University.

Will Oremus is Slate's senior technology writer.

TODAY IN SLATE

Medical Examiner

The Most Terrifying Thing About Ebola 

The disease threatens humanity by preying on humanity.

I Bought the Huge iPhone. I’m Already Thinking of Returning It.

Scotland Is Just the Beginning. Expect More Political Earthquakes in Europe.

Students Aren’t Going to College Football Games as Much Anymore

And schools are getting worried.

160 Countries Host Marches to Demand Action on Climate Change

Politics

Blacks Don’t Have a Corporal Punishment Problem

Americans do. But when blacks exhibit the same behaviors as others, it becomes part of a greater black pathology. 

Why a Sketch of Chelsea Manning Is Stirring Up Controversy

How Worried Should Poland, the Baltic States, and Georgia Be About a Russian Invasion?

Trending News Channel
Sept. 19 2014 1:11 PM Watch Flashes of Lightning Created in a Lab  
  News & Politics
Weigel
Sept. 20 2014 11:13 AM -30-
  Business
Business Insider
Sept. 20 2014 6:30 AM The Man Making Bill Gates Richer
  Life
Quora
Sept. 20 2014 7:27 AM How Do Plants Grow Aboard the International Space Station?
  Double X
The XX Factor
Sept. 19 2014 4:58 PM Steubenville Gets the Lifetime Treatment (And a Cheerleader Erupts Into Flames)
  Slate Plus
Tv Club
Sept. 21 2014 1:15 PM The Slate Doctor Who Podcast: Episode 5  A spoiler-filled discussion of "Time Heist."
  Arts
Brow Beat
Sept. 21 2014 2:00 PM Colin Farrell Will Star in True Detective’s Second Season
  Technology
Future Tense
Sept. 19 2014 6:31 PM The One Big Problem With the Enormous New iPhone
  Health & Science
Bad Astronomy
Sept. 21 2014 8:00 AM An Astronaut’s Guided Video Tour of Earth
  Sports
Sports Nut
Sept. 18 2014 11:42 AM Grandmaster Clash One of the most amazing feats in chess history just happened, and no one noticed.