Facebook Says U.S. Government Requested Data on at Least 20,000 Users in 2013

The Citizen's Guide to the Future
Aug. 27 2013 5:19 PM

Facebook Says U.S. Government Requested Data on at Least 20,000 Users in 2013

159539682
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg introduces Graph Search features during a presentation on Jan. 15, 2013, in Menlo Park, Calif.

Photo by Stephen Lam/Getty Images

Facebook has finally caved. Amid spiralling concerns about government surveillance, the social networking company has at last revealed the extent of the requests for user data that it receives—belatedly following in the footsteps of Google, Twitter, and Microsoft.

In a report released by Facebook on Tuesday, the company outlined the number of times it has been asked to turn over information on users by government agencies from across the world. Some 25,607 requests were received by the company for data on 37,954 separate accounts in the first half of 2013. Between 11,000 and 12,000 of the requests—affecting at least 20,000 users—came from authorities based in the United States, and some data was produced in 79 percent of cases involving U.S. demands. The second-highest number of demands for information on Facebook users came from India (3,245), followed by the United Kingdom (1,975) and Germany (1,886). Facebook says that it did not comply with all of the requests.

Advertisement

Like other major Internet companies, Facebook is still being prevented from disclosing the specific number of requests it receives from U.S. authorities due to the extreme secrecy surrounding so-called national security letters and foreign intelligence orders. However, it is still possible to identify that Facebook—like Twitter and Google—receives far more orders to turn over user data from the U.S. than from any other country. One explanation for this may be that these companies generally have a higher percentage of American users, which is inevitably reflected in the number of requests received.

Facebook says that the “vast majority” of the requests relate to criminal cases, such as robberies or kidnappings. The user data Facebook retains and can hand over in response to a government request includes basic subscriber information, such as a user’s name and how long he or she has been signed up to the service. The company can also provide authorities with IP address logs and content from users’ Facebook activity, presumably including instant message chats and other communications sent on the website.

Releasing a transparency report of this kind is quite a big step for Mark Zuckerberg and company, as they have previously shown little enthusiasm for the idea. Back in May, Facebook’s public policy manager questioned whether such reports were “the most useful way to highlight” censorship and surveillance during a discussion at an Internet freedom conference in Stockholm.

What seems to have suddenly changed Facebook’s attitude is the backlash of bad publicity it has received following leaks of secret National Security Agency documents revealing its ties to U.S. government spy program PRISM. In June, the Washington Post revealed that NSA spies were exploiting Facebook’s “extensive search and surveillance capabilities.” Facebook denied that it provided the NSA blanket access to mine user data and responded by publishing information stating that it had received between 9,000 and 10,000 national-security-related requests affecting between 18,000 and 19,000 accounts in the latter half of 2012. The latest report sheds more light on the extent of government Facebook data requests internationally, and it brings Facebook into line with a kind of transparency reporting, first pioneered by Google in 2009, that is rapidly becoming industry standard. According to a statement posted by Facebook on Tuesday, its employees will now “continue to be aggressive advocates” for transparency, and it is promising to release more reports “regularly in the future.”

Future Tense is a partnership of SlateNew America, and Arizona State University.

Ryan Gallagher is a journalist who reports on surveillance, security, and civil liberties.

TODAY IN SLATE

Politics

The Democrats’ War at Home

How can the president’s party defend itself from the president’s foreign policy blunders?

Congress’ Public Shaming of the Secret Service Was Political Grandstanding at Its Best

Michigan’s Tradition of Football “Toughness” Needs to Go—Starting With Coach Hoke

A Plentiful, Renewable Resource That America Keeps Overlooking

Animal manure.

Windows 8 Was So Bad That Microsoft Will Skip Straight to Windows 10

Politics

Cringing. Ducking. Mumbling.

How GOP candidates react whenever someone brings up reproductive rights or gay marriage.

Building a Better Workplace

You Deserve a Pre-cation

The smartest job perk you’ve never heard of.

Hasbro Is Cracking Down on Scrabble Players Who Turn Its Official Word List Into Popular Apps

Florida State’s New President Is Underqualified and Mistrusted. He Just Might Save the University.

  News & Politics
Politics
Sept. 30 2014 9:33 PM Political Theater With a Purpose Darrell Issa’s public shaming of the head of the Secret Service was congressional grandstanding at its best.
  Business
Moneybox
Sept. 30 2014 7:02 PM At Long Last, eBay Sets PayPal Free
  Life
Gaming
Sept. 30 2014 7:35 PM Who Owns Scrabble’s Word List? Hasbro says the list of playable words belongs to the company. Players beg to differ.
  Double X
The XX Factor
Sept. 30 2014 12:34 PM Parents, Get Your Teenage Daughters the IUD
  Slate Plus
Behind the Scenes
Sept. 30 2014 3:21 PM Meet Jordan Weissmann Five questions with Slate’s senior business and economics correspondent.
  Arts
Brow Beat
Sept. 30 2014 8:54 PM Bette Davis Talks Gender Roles in a Delightful, Animated Interview From 1963
  Technology
Future Tense
Sept. 30 2014 7:00 PM There’s Going to Be a Live-Action Tetris Movie for Some Reason
  Health & Science
Medical Examiner
Sept. 30 2014 11:51 PM Should You Freeze Your Eggs? An egg freezing party is not a great place to find answers to this or other questions.
  Sports
Sports Nut
Sept. 30 2014 5:54 PM Goodbye, Tough Guy It’s time for Michigan to fire its toughness-obsessed coach, Brady Hoke.