Iran Faces Backlash Over "Morality Police" Spying on Coffee Shops

Future Tense
The Citizen's Guide to the Future
Jan. 25 2013 3:59 PM

Iran Faces Backlash Over "Morality Police" Spying on Coffee Shops

A Tehran cafe in 2009

Photo by HASAN DEHKORDI/AFP/Getty Images

When you meet a friend in a cafe, you don’t expect state security agents to be monitoring your every move. But that’s exactly what’s happening in Iran—as the country’s “moral police” force cameras into coffee shops to spy on young liberals.

Ryan Gallagher Ryan Gallagher

Ryan Gallagher is a journalist who reports on surveillance, security, and civil liberties.

Since last year, the Islamic regime’s Basij forces have been targeting cafes because students and intellectuals meet there to share ideas often deemed “Western.” The Basij are under the command of Iran’s supreme leader and are tasked with carrying out a range of police functions—including suppressing dissident activity and making sure “morals” are not being breached. Previously the Basij were among a group of officers that in 2012 raided a reported 87 restaurants and cafes for “not following Islamic values,” such as by allowing women to smoke pipes in public.


Now, the authorities are turning to a new tactic: surveillance. This became apparent last week, when one of Tehran’s most popular cafes, Café Prague, closed in protest after state officials had tried to force it to install a series of cameras inside its premises.

According to a report from the Tehran Bureau, a blog written by Iranian correspondents and hosted by the Guardian, cameras have proliferated in Tehran’s coffee shops since last summer. Most people initially assumed this was a measure to protect against theft—until police started demanding access to the tapes. So when Tehran's morality officers recently told Cafe Prague’s proprietors to install a minimum of four surveillance cameras on the premises as part of state efforts to tighten civic monitoring and security, they refused to comply. Instead, they shut down the popular haunt for students and activists and posted a defiant statement on their Facebook page:

We always knew this day would come and, in the midst of Tehran's grimy winter, our end has finally arrived in spite of our many attempts to stay afloat. But as much as it pains us and as much as we will miss our friends and all of you who stood by our side in the past four years, we take comfort in knowing that we at least didn't let Big Brother's glass eyes scan and record our every step, minute and memory from dawn till dusk.

The cafe’s closure is just the latest example of how tensions have continued to simmer in Iran since 2009, when protest swept the country following the disputed re-election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Perhaps fearful of a potential Arab Spring-style uprising, the regime has increasingly turned to surveillance of its citizens. A Reuters investigation last year revealed Iran had in 2010 signed a deal for “a powerful surveillance system capable of monitoring landline, mobile and internet communications.” Meanwhile, the Islamic nation has been preparing an internal version of the Internet in part to limit outside influences.

Future Tense is a partnership of SlateNew America, and Arizona State University.



Smash and Grab

Will competitive Senate contests in Kansas and South Dakota lead to more late-breaking races in future elections?

Stop Panicking. America Is Now in Very Good Shape to Respond to the Ebola Crisis.

The 2014 Kansas City Royals Show the Value of Building a Mediocre Baseball Team

The GOP Won’t Win Any Black Votes With Its New “Willie Horton” Ad

Sleater-Kinney Was Once America’s Best Rock Band

Can it be again?


Forget Oculus Rift

This $25 cardboard box turns your phone into an incredibly fun virtual reality experience.

One of Putin’s Favorite Oligarchs Wants to Start an Orthodox Christian Fox News

These Companies in Japan Are More Than 1,000 Years Old

Trending News Channel
Oct. 20 2014 6:17 PM Watch Flashes of Lightning Created in a Lab  
  News & Politics
The World
Oct. 20 2014 1:50 PM Why We Shouldn’t Be Too Sure About the Supposed Deal to Return the Abducted Nigerian Schoolgirls
Oct. 20 2014 7:23 PM Chipotle’s Magical Burrito Empire Keeps Growing, Might Be Slowing
Dear Prudence
Oct. 20 2014 3:12 PM Terror Next Door Prudie advises a letter writer whose husband is dangerously, violently obsessed with the neighbors.
  Double X
The XX Factor
Oct. 20 2014 1:10 PM Women Are Still Losing Jobs for Getting Pregnant
  Slate Plus
Tv Club
Oct. 20 2014 7:15 AM The Slate Doctor Who Podcast: Episode 9 A spoiler-filled discussion of "Flatline."
Brow Beat
Oct. 20 2014 9:13 PM The Smart, Talented, and Utterly Hilarious Leslie Jones Is SNL’s Newest Cast Member
Future Tense
Oct. 20 2014 4:59 PM Canadian Town Cancels Outdoor Halloween Because Polar Bears
  Health & Science
Medical Examiner
Oct. 20 2014 11:46 AM Is Anybody Watching My Do-Gooding? The difference between being a hero and being an altruist.
Sports Nut
Oct. 20 2014 5:09 PM Keepaway, on Three. Ready—Break! On his record-breaking touchdown pass, Peyton Manning couldn’t even leave the celebration to chance.