European Parliament Takes Step To Restrict Sales of Censorship, Surveillance Tech to Dictators

The Citizen's Guide to the Future
April 18 2012 5:34 PM

European Parliament Takes Step To Restrict Sales of Censorship, Surveillance Tech to Dictators

An Iranian youth browses a political blog at an Internet cafe.

Photo by NIMA DAYMARI/AFP/Getty Images

Following revelations last year about European companies supplying Arab dictators with mass surveillance systems, the EU Parliament looks poised to introduce new rules restricting the export of spy gear and censorship tools to autocratic regimes.

A resolution calling for stricter oversight of companies selling equipment to countries such as Syria or China was passed overwhelmingly on Wednesday, with 580 votes for, 28 against, and 74 abstentions.


But this is just a first step: The resolution “invites"  (as the press release terms it) the European Commission to propose, by 2013, stricter rules regarding “products and services aimed at blocking websites, mass surveillance, monitoring all internet traffic and (mobile) communications, breaking into private conversations and transcribing them, filtering search results, and intimidating internet users including human rights defenders.”

Since it emerged during the Arab Spring that a number of Europe-based businesses had provided dictators with surveillance and censorship tools, European politicians have been scrambling to update regulations. Many were embarrassed and horrified by the number of companies complicit in the “digital arms race.” French firm Amesys provided Muammar Gaddafi’s regime with monitoring equipment to spy on political opponents; Italian Area SpA helped install a surveillance system in Syria with the power to “intercept, scan and catalog virtually every e-mail that flows through the country”; and England-based company Gamma Group supplied Hosni Mubarak’s regime with a five-month trial of a “high-level hacking security system” used to monitor activists.

European authorities firstplaced embargos on the export of surveillance equipment to Syria and Iran. But they are now looking to go tighten up the rules around the export of all surveillance and censorship gear—which may help nudge other governments to follow suit.

U.S. lawmakers have found themselves under mounting pressure to reform export laws after it was reported authorities in Syria and Iran were allegedly using surveillance technology made by American firms. Republican Congressman Chris Smith is currently leading efforts to introduce a series of strict regulatory measures as part of the Global Online Freedom Act, supported by Amnesty International, which would prohibit the export of surveillance or censorship hardware or software to governments in an “Internet-restricting country.”

Future Tense is a partnership of SlateNew America, and Arizona State University.

Ryan Gallagher is a journalist who reports on surveillance, security, and civil liberties.



Blacks Don’t Have a Corporal Punishment Problem

Americans do. But when blacks exhibit the same behaviors as others, it becomes part of a greater black pathology. 

I Bought the Huge iPhone. I’m Already Thinking of Returning It.

Scotland Is Just the Beginning. Expect More Political Earthquakes in Europe.

Students Aren’t Going to College Football Games as Much Anymore

And schools are getting worried.

Two Damn Good, Very Different Movies About Soldiers Returning From War

The XX Factor

Lifetime Didn’t Think the Steubenville Rape Case Was Dramatic Enough

So they added a little self-immolation.

Medical Examiner

The Most Terrifying Thing About Ebola 

The disease threatens humanity by preying on humanity.

Why a Sketch of Chelsea Manning Is Stirring Up Controversy

How Worried Should Poland, the Baltic States, and Georgia Be About a Russian Invasion?

  News & Politics
Sept. 20 2014 11:13 AM -30-
Business Insider
Sept. 20 2014 6:30 AM The Man Making Bill Gates Richer
Sept. 20 2014 7:27 AM How Do Plants Grow Aboard the International Space Station?
  Double X
The XX Factor
Sept. 19 2014 4:58 PM Steubenville Gets the Lifetime Treatment (And a Cheerleader Erupts Into Flames)
  Slate Plus
Slate Picks
Sept. 19 2014 12:00 PM What Happened at Slate This Week? The Slatest editor tells us to read well-informed skepticism, media criticism, and more.
Brow Beat
Sept. 20 2014 3:21 PM “The More You Know (About Black People)” Uses Very Funny PSAs to Condemn Black Stereotypes
Future Tense
Sept. 19 2014 6:31 PM The One Big Problem With the Enormous New iPhone
  Health & Science
Bad Astronomy
Sept. 20 2014 7:00 AM The Shaggy Sun
Sports Nut
Sept. 18 2014 11:42 AM Grandmaster Clash One of the most amazing feats in chess history just happened, and no one noticed.