Can Judges Identify Terorrists?

Slate's blog on legal issues.
June 23 2008 5:37 PM

Can Judges Identify Terorrists?

Deborah asks an excellent question: "What is it in particular about Gitmo that courts can't handle?"

I don't expect judges to be very good at knowing who is or is not a terrorist because I doubt the evidence the government has resembles the kind of evidence judges are used to seeing. Judges are used to seeing particular kinds of evidence in particular kinds of hearings. They generally hear live testimony from live witnesses, evidence in sworn affidavits, and the like, and they apply familiar legal standards to the facts to reach a decision. Of course they make errors in those proceedings, but at least the type of evidence and the context is part of the familiar day-to-day experience of litigators and judges.


My sense is that the detainees were mostly seized in battle or were handed over based on hearsay by allied forces. In that setting, hard and clear evidence of the sort that judges are used to working with is likely to be relatively light, regardless of whether an individual is a hardened al-Qaida terrorist or just some unfortunate fellow who was in the wrong place at the wrong time. Instead, the evidence is likely to be based on the impressions of agents about the reliability of third parties or fourth parties known years ago and not seen in ages, major parts of which will be classified. Judges are smart people, but I would think that this evidence is likely to seem pretty foreign and unfamiliar to judges used to run-of-the-mill competency hearings, probable cause hearings, sentencings, and the like. 

Now, one response would be that if the government doesn't have the kind of strong evidence that the law usually requires to hold a person, then the detainees should be released. And if the judges end up releasing bad people who were held on very weak evidence, then that is the executive's fault rather than the court's . Maybe that's right. But if it's right, it's an argument about what the standard of judicial review should be, not whether judicial review is likely to lead to the release of bad people.

To be clear, I'm not saying that I think the institutional competence question should govern the issue. As I see it, whether the writ extends is distinct from whether judges are good at this stuff: Scalia's point about American lives being lost may or may not be right, but it shouldn't be relevant to the question of whether the habeas writ must extend to Guantanamo (although presumably it will be relevant to the subsequent determination of the proper standard of review down the road).



The Ebola Story

How our minds build narratives out of disaster.

The Budget Disaster That Completely Sabotaged the WHO’s Response to Ebola

PowerPoint Is the Worst, and Now It’s the Latest Way to Hack Into Your Computer

The Shooting Tragedies That Forged Canada’s Gun Politics

A Highly Unscientific Ranking of Crazy-Old German Beers


Welcome to 13th Grade!

Some high schools are offering a fifth year. That’s a great idea.


The Actual World

“Mount Thoreau” and the naming of things in the wilderness.

Want Kids to Delay Sex? Let Planned Parenthood Teach Them Sex Ed.

Would You Trust Walmart to Provide Your Health Care? (You Should.)

  News & Politics
Oct. 22 2014 9:42 PM Landslide Landrieu Can the Louisiana Democrat use the powers of incumbency to save herself one more time?
Continuously Operating
Oct. 22 2014 2:38 PM Crack Open an Old One A highly unscientific evaluation of Germany’s oldest breweries.
Gentleman Scholar
Oct. 22 2014 5:54 PM May I Offer to Sharpen My Friends’ Knives? Or would that be rude?
  Double X
The XX Factor
Oct. 22 2014 4:27 PM Three Ways Your Text Messages Change After You Get Married
  Slate Plus
Tv Club
Oct. 22 2014 5:27 PM The Slate Walking Dead Podcast A spoiler-filled discussion of Episodes 1 and 2.
Oct. 22 2014 11:54 PM The Actual World “Mount Thoreau” and the naming of things in the wilderness.
Future Tense
Oct. 22 2014 5:33 PM One More Reason Not to Use PowerPoint: It’s The Gateway for a Serious Windows Vulnerability
  Health & Science
Wild Things
Oct. 22 2014 2:42 PM Orcas, Via Drone, for the First Time Ever
Sports Nut
Oct. 20 2014 5:09 PM Keepaway, on Three. Ready—Break! On his record-breaking touchdown pass, Peyton Manning couldn’t even leave the celebration to chance.