Why Is There a Hyphen in Non-Stop? Shouldn’t It Be Nonstop?

Slate's Culture Blog
Feb. 28 2014 12:16 PM

Why Is Liam Neeson’s New Film Called Non-Stop Instead of Nonstop?

nonstop
"If you spell it without a hyphen, please raise your hand."

Universal

When you search for a flight on Kayak, you’re given an option of limiting your search to “nonstop.” Merriam-Webster gives definitions of “nonstop” as an adjective, adverb, and noun. The Associated Press’s stylebook states that “Nonstop is one word,” and the New York Times agrees.

L.V. Anderson L.V. Anderson

L.V. Anderson is a Slate assistant editor. She edits Slate's food and drink sections and writes Brow Beat's recipe column, You're Doing It Wrong. 

Why, then, is there a hyphen in the middle of the title of Liam Neeson’s new movie Non-Stop?

Advertisement

I emailed this question to Universal Pictures’ publicist three weeks ago, and as of yesterday, her response was “we just haven’t received an answer for you unfortunately.” Shockingly, Universal Pictures doesn’t prioritize pedantic grammatical questions when it’s promoting $50 million action thrillers. However, as a strong proponent of dropping hyphens wherever possible—and, like everyone else at Slate, an adherent of AP style—I couldn’t let the studio’s stonewalling stop me from investigating the film’s aberrant spelling.

It’s possible, of course, that Non-Stop is just a typo. Hyphens have tripped up film studios in the past—recall The 40 Year-Old Virgin and Eight Legged Freaks (which you might have guessed from the title was about an octet of weirdos who, like most people, have lower appendages). But “non-stop” isn’t so much a misspelling as a nonstandard spelling. It seems more likely that someone chose to render the movie title that way because the hyphen looked better, or more natural, to them.

What kind of person might think that? Well, a British person, for one. In general, hyphenating words that begin with “non-” is much more common in British English than in American English. The Oxford English Dictionary spells it “non-stop” and dates its first usage to 1900. If you seek air travel on the British version of Kayak, you’ll find that flights that go directly to your final destination are described as “non-stop.” And with Liam Neeson and Downton Abbey star Michelle Dockery headlining the cast, you might think a British production team is behind the film’s bafflingly nonstandard spelling.

That’s not exactly the case. Five production companies are behind Non-Stop. Two of them (Universal Pictures and Silver Pictures) are American. One of them (LOVEFiLM International) is based in London. The remaining two—StudioCanal and Anton Capital Entertainment—are French and Luxembourgish, respectively. As it happens, the French translation of “nonstop” is “non-stop” (say it with a nasal “non” and a percussive “p”). So perhaps the fact that three of the production companies behind Non-Stop come from countries that spell it with a hyphen contributed to the spelling of its title.

But this isn’t an open-and-shut case. And I would make the argument that, regardless of its international pedigree, the movie should be called Nonstop. Non-Stop’s screenwriters are three Americans, one of its headliners (Julianne Moore) is American, and the film was shot primarily in New York (according to IMDb). Universal Pictures, the film’s wealthiest production company, is of course based in the States. Surely the country that pours the most money into a movie should get to determine how that movie’s title is spelled.

Even though Non-Stop’s producers apparently don’t care about American spelling conventions, they should regret that hyphen for another reason: The Internet is not friendly to excessive punctuation. The film’s website—nonstopthefilm.com—urges fans to use the (correctly spelled, if erratically capitalized) hashtag #NonStop.

L.V. Anderson is a Slate assistant editor. She edits Slate's food and drink sections and writes Brow Beat's recipe column, You're Doing It Wrong. 

TODAY IN SLATE

Foreigners

The World’s Politest Protesters

The Occupy Central demonstrators are courteous. That’s actually what makes them so dangerous.

The Religious Right Is Not Happy With Republicans  

The XX Factor
Oct. 1 2014 4:58 PM The Religious Right Is Not Happy With Republicans  

The Feds Have Declared War on Encryption—and the New Privacy Measures From Apple and Google

The One Fact About Ebola That Should Calm You

It spreads slowly.

These “Dark” Lego Masterpieces Are Delightful and Evocative

Crime

Operation Backbone

How White Boy Rick, a legendary Detroit cocaine dealer, helped the FBI uncover brazen police corruption.

Politics

Talking White

Black people’s disdain for “proper English” and academic achievement is a myth.

Activists Are Trying to Save an Iranian Woman Sentenced to Death for Killing Her Alleged Rapist

Piper Kerman on Why She Dressed Like a Hitchcock Heroine for Her Prison Sentencing

  News & Politics
Politics
Oct. 1 2014 7:26 PM Talking White Black people’s disdain for “proper English” and academic achievement is a myth.
  Business
Moneybox
Oct. 1 2014 2:16 PM Wall Street Tackles Chat Services, Shies Away From Diversity Issues 
  Life
Outward
Oct. 1 2014 6:02 PM Facebook Relaxes Its “Real Name” Policy; Drag Queens Celebrate
  Double X
The XX Factor
Oct. 1 2014 5:11 PM Celebrity Feminist Identification Has Reached Peak Meaninglessness
  Slate Plus
Behind the Scenes
Oct. 1 2014 3:24 PM Revelry (and Business) at Mohonk Photos and highlights from Slate’s annual retreat.
  Arts
Brow Beat
Oct. 1 2014 9:39 PM Tom Cruise Dies Over and Over Again in This Edge of Tomorrow Supercut
  Technology
Future Tense
Oct. 1 2014 6:59 PM EU’s Next Digital Commissioner Thinks Keeping Nude Celeb Photos in the Cloud Is “Stupid”
  Health & Science
Science
Oct. 1 2014 4:03 PM Does the Earth Really Have a “Hum”? Yes, but probably not the one you’re thinking.
  Sports
Sports Nut
Oct. 1 2014 5:19 PM Bunt-a-Palooza! How bad was the Kansas City Royals’ bunt-all-the-time strategy in the American League wild-card game?