The newest banking sheriff will be aiming further to the right. Jeb Hensarling, a Republican from Texas, will probably be the next chairman of the agenda-setting U.S. House Financial Services Committee. Like most GOP legislators, he wants to gut the Dodd-Frank financial reforms. Hensarling is also keen to get Uncle Sam out of the housing market and has supported refocusing the Federal Reserve. Especially following President Barack Obama’s re-election, though, such a bold agenda could be tough to advance.
Hensarling studied economics and helped raise money for a hedge fund before going whole hog into politics. He’s already the committee’s vice chairman and served on the president’s Simpson-Bowles deficit commission. All that makes Hensarling more qualified than most for the chamber’s top finance job and puts him in pole position to succeed Spencer Bachus.
It’s also the kind of résumé to make bankers breathe a little easier. Though Hensarling isn’t known to hobnob much with Wall Street firms, he has been happy to accept their checks. Goldman Sachs and Bank of America employees were among his top 10 donors in 2010. In July, two years after the passage of sweeping financial reform legislation, Hensarling said “we should commit to making this anniversary Dodd-Frank’s last.”
It’s not hard to trace the roots of his deregulation bent. In the 1980s, Hensarling worked for Phil Gramm, the Texas Republican who led the charge to repeal rules that kept investment banking and commercial lending activities separate and sponsored legislation that came to be known as the “Enron loophole” because it left trading of credit default swaps largely unregulated.
Not all of Hensarling’s laissez-faire attitude will be to Wall Street’s liking. He advocated for a 2008 proposal that would have stripped the U.S. central bank of its mandate to target full employment. That could lead to less of the easy money banks crave. What’s more, Hensarling’s top priority appears to be revoking the government charter granted to mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, whose federally backed guarantees benefit the bottom lines of many banks.
A Democratic president, a divided Congress and the more coalition-minded House will probably inhibit Hensarling from using the kind of forceful tactics Gramm did in the Senate. Even so, Hensarling sounds like a cowboy who will be actively trying to earn his spurs.