Bugs Can Be Surprisingly Beautiful When Seen Up Close

The Photo Blog
Aug. 7 2014 2:53 PM

Bugs Can Be Surprisingly Beautiful When Seen Up Close

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This wingless ant is exceptional because the three parts of the thorax can be discerned, each with a pair of legs.

Ever since David M. Phillips took an entomology course at the Boston Museum of Science as a teenager, he’s been hooked on bugs. As a graduate student, he developed a love of microscopes during a course on cell biology. More than two decades ago, when he began working at the Population Council as a scientist studying HIV and AIDS, his interests intersected. Phillips would come into the lab early before work or on the weekends to use the in-house electron microscope to photograph insects. His photographs are now collected in the book, Art and Architecture of Insects.

Electron microscopes aren’t available to many hobby photographers. They can take up a good part of a small room and cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. “Using one is a little like flying a spaceship. There are all these buttons knobs and gages,” Phillips said.

Hemiptera
The two large spines between the antennae of the insect, a hemipteran species, are somewhat reminiscent of the horns of an antelope.

David M. Phillips, courtesy of ForeEdge/University Press of New England

beetle
Like most beetles this one has a thick rigid cuticle, which protects the underlying structures.

David M. Phillips, courtesy of ForeEdge/University Press of New England

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The unusual wings of this fairyfly have hairs at their tip. Most insects beat their wings at frequencies of a few to a couple of hundred times a second, but the wings of certain minute insects like fairyflies beat more than 1,000 times a second.

David M. Phillips, courtesy of ForeEdge/University Press of New England

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This parasitoid wasp was about the size of a pinhead.

David M. Phillips, courtesy of ForeEdge/University Press of New England

The microscope scans 3-D objects with a beam of electrons to produce ultra high-resolution images, which can then be photographically recorded. They’re especially good at capturing “surface architecture,” or the bumps and cracks and other textural elements that are characteristic of bugs. “When you look at an insect through a regular camera you can see the relief patterns but not very well. You see the colors more,” Phillips said. “The electron microscope shows a lot of the relief patterns as well as a lot of the detail you couldn’t see in a camera. You can see how the eyes work and how the mouth works much better in many cases than you could with a regular microscope or with a camera.”

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When Phillips traveled to scientific conferences, he’d often bring his butterfly net to capture specimens. He’d then preserve them in alcohol. Later, he’d sort through his catch using a dissecting microscope and select the species he wanted. Then, he’d dry it out, arrange it into a lifelike position and coat it with gold so that it would carry electricity.

Phillips was most interested in photographing especially small insects that are too small to see with the human eye and too small to photograph by any other means. “There are bugs called thrips and they live on flowers. If you look at a flower with your eye you can just see some black spots that are moving, but the microscope sees so much detail a little bug like that is no problem,” he said. “I also liked looking at aphids, the bugs that gardeners don't like because they kill plants. They're beautiful under the microscope.”

These days, Phillips, now retired, shoots bugs near his house on Cape Cod using his two Nikon cameras—a much different way of seeing the insect world. “I guess I miss the electron microscope but that was then and this is now and I enjoy what I'm doing now. I try to live in the present,” he said. “You can't bring a two-ton microscope into the field. But you can bring a camera.”

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Lace bugs (Tingidae) get their name from their lace-like wings.

David M. Phillips, courtesy of ForeEdge/University Press of New England

Phillips_fig02_024
Most treehoppers (Membracidae) resemble thorns. Sitting motionless on a twig, a treehopper may not be noticed by a predator.

David M. Phillips, courtesy of ForeEdge/University Press of New England

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In addition to compound eyes, flying insects, like this wasp, have simple eyes called ocelli. They are the three hemispheric bulges on top of the wasp's head.

David M. Phillips, courtesy of ForeEdge/University Press of New England

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This ambush bug (Phymatinae) resembles a Stegosaurus, and its front limbs are reminiscent of the jaws of Tyrannosaurus rex. It is easy to see how most insects of similar size are no match for an ambush bug.

David M. Phillips, courtesy of ForeEdge/University Press of New England

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