Climate week part 4: Global CO2 levels reach 400 ppm forever.

We’ve Reached a New CO2 Milestone, and It’s Not a Good One

We’ve Reached a New CO2 Milestone, and It’s Not a Good One

Bad Astronomy
The entire universe in blog form
Dec. 3 2015 9:15 AM

The Week in Climate Part 4: Another CO2 Milestone Reached. And It’s a Bad One.

carbon dioxide levels
CO2 levels measured at the Hawaii Mauna Loa observatory from late 2013 to nearly the end of November 2015. Given the trend (and from many previous years), it's unlikely the level will drop below 400 ppm in 2016.

Graph by Scripps/UCSD

One of the hardest parts of writing about global warming—and there are lots and lots of hard parts—is simply keeping up with the news. Much of it comes in short newsy bits, worth knowing but difficult to write about as an individual full post. Since the 2015 U.N. Climate Change Conference is being held in Paris this week, I’m posting a weeklong series of shorter articles about global warming and its fallout. Here are Part 1Part 2, and Part 3. And read all of Slate’s coverage of the Paris climate talks here.    

Phil Plait Phil Plait

Phil Plait writes Slate’s Bad Astronomy blog and is an astronomer, public speaker, science evangelizer, and author of Death From the Skies!  

Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas: It lets visible sunlight pass through our air, but then traps the infrared reradiated by the Earth’s surface. We humans put 40 billion tons of it into the atmosphere every year, dwarfing all other persistent natural sources (the sources and sinks of which tend to balance out over time).

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In May 2013, the global daily average of CO2 in the air hit 400 parts per million for the first time in recorded history. In April 2015, the monthly average passed that same mark.

This graph (reproduced above, called the Keeling Curve) shows carbon dioxide levels from the end of 2013 to November 2015. There’s an annual cycle as trees absorb the gas, which occurs mostly in the Northern Hemisphere (there’s less land and forest south of the equator, where seasons are reversed). The minimum is in September, but as you can see the steady rise of CO2 overall means it’s very likely that next year’s minimum will be above 400 ppm.

Welcome to our brave new world. And in the meantime, while Sen. James Inhofe plays with snowballs (and actively plots for the Paris Climate Change Conference to fail) and Rep. Lamar Smith acts out on his conspiracy fantasies, the real world barrels on.