Call me crazy, but right at this moment I've got eight browser windows open on my PC, each of them populated by dozens of tabs. There are also three open Word documents, an Excel spreadsheet, a text notepad, a Skype window, an IM window, iTunes, Picasa, a few file browsers, and a calculator. I'm guessing you'll question my sanity, because that's what people did last month when I bragged about my blazing fast computer's ability to keep hundreds of browser tabs open simultaneously. "200 tabs? You're either incompetent or lying," wrote one guy—and he was one of the nice ones.
Well, I'm not lying, and I like to think I'm not incompetent, either. It might sound as if my computer is overrun by open windows, and you might assume that it takes me forever to find what I'm looking for in this onscreen morass of computing options. But in reality, I'm staring at a screen that's pretty clean—all I can see right now is one Word document and one Chrome window.
Where are all of my other windows? They're on my PC's other desktops—three completely separate workspaces that I can get to with a single click. In each one, I've set up a different arrangement of open windows dedicated to a specific set of tasks. It's like working on four different computers at the same time; when I'm done with one set of windows—or I just get sick of them for the moment—I switch to a new, blank workspace and start collecting windows all over again. I can switch back to the old screen at any time. It's the best of all worlds—I have instant access to a lot of different apps at the same time, but my screen, my taskbar, and my mind remain uncluttered.
Techies will recognize that what I'm talking about isn't novel. "Virtual desktops," as these separate workspaces are called, have been around since the early days of graphical computing. Some of the most-memorable PC industry also-rans of the 1980s and 1990s—Amiga, OS/2, BeOS—allowed for multiple workspaces, and most graphical Linux systems have included virtual desktops for many years. Apple added virtual desktops to the Mac OS in 2007, and there are a variety of third-party utilities that allow you to get virtual desktops on Windows.
Even so, virtual desktops have never reached mass adoption. For instance, the Mac's workspace system—called Spaces—is turned off by default, and Apple rarely promotes the feature. That's a shame. Whatever OS you use, and even if you have many monitors, there's a good chance you often get overwhelmed by the mess of open windows that build up over a long day at your PC. If so, you need virtual desktops. They'll make you sane again.
On my Windows 7 PC, I get virtual desktops using a program called WindowsPager. It loads quickly, it's intuitive and easy to learn, and best of all, it's free. (It works on Windows Vista, XP and 2000, too; see this Lifehacker post for other great virtual desktop managers for Windows.) When I load up WindowsPager, it adds four small tiles to my taskbar, with each tile representing a unique workspace. If I click on a tile, I'm taken to a new desktop that's free of windows, with a taskbar that's free of icons. As I open windows, WindowsPager sketches it in the appropriate taskbar tile. This lets me see what's going on in each of the desktops at a glance—I can see that there's a big Chrome window in Desktop 1, three Chrome windows and Skype open in Desktop 2, and so on.
WindowsPager also makes it easy to rearrange my desktops. Say that I've got several windows open for managing my finances—Excel, a Chrome window with tabs for my bank and credit card accounts, and a calculator. By clicking and dragging, I can move all these windows to their own desktop in a matter of seconds. When I want to return to managing my finances, I just click on that desktop in the taskbar, and all my finance-related windows are right there. (FYI, WindowsPager's features are similar to those of other virtual desktop programs; here are tutorials for using virtual desktops on the Mac and Ubuntu.)