How Android, Chrome, and the iPad are shielding us from malware.

Innovation, the Internet, gadgets, and more.
June 3 2010 4:34 PM

The End of Malware?

How Android, Chrome, and the iPad are shielding us from dastardly programs.

Is it safer to bank on an iPad? Click image to expand.
Is it safer to bank on an iPad?

One day in April, David Green, the president of a party supply firm in Oklahoma, needed to authorize a bank transfer. Green's company has a policy about online banking: Never do it on a Windows machine. But according to an account by tech security reporter Brian Krebs, Green was home sick and didn't have access to his company Mac. So he used his Windows PC at home to log in to his firm's bank account.

Can you see where this is going? Green's kids use that Windows computer to browse the Web and play games, and it was pretty thoroughly infected by malware. When Green entered his company's banking password, the computer sent the credentials to far-off crooks. A few days later, they logged in to the account and stole $98,000. Green's firm is now scrambling to recover the money.


What does this story tell us? You could say it proves that Windows isn't safe for work. As Krebs notes, Windows is the main target of thieves who are trying to steal banking passwords; if you're on any other system, their malware simply won't run. Indeed, this is true for most malicious software. Operation Aurora, the attack by Chinese hackers that targeted Google and other tech companies last year, exploited a security hole in Windows versions of Internet Explorer. At Google, the flaw was reportedly activated when an employee in China clicked on a Web link he received in an instant message. When Internet Explorer loaded up the site, the code made its way into Google's network, eventually infecting key computers at the company's California headquarters.

Now, according to the Financial Times, Google is phasing out Windows for its workers and encouraging everyone to use Mac or Linux machines instead. The message here seems clear: If even Google's employees—some of the most sophisticated computer users in the world—can't be trusted to use Windows safely, how can anyone?

But that's the wrong way to think about what happened to David Green and to Google. The problem with Windows isn't that it has a lot of security holes; the problem is that it doesn't have a very good security plan. And though Apple partisans would disagree, this is true of the Mac, too. Both operating systems were designed to run any program at any time without much user consultation. Not only that, but both Windows and the Mac OS give applications access to most parts of the computer—the file system, the Internet—as pretty much a default condition of being invoked. It's no wonder our machines are overrun with bad code. They're practically begging for it.

Fortunately, the days of such open access are coming to an end. Modern operating systems designed for the Web age—like the iPhone OS, Android, and Google's upcoming Chrome OS—were built from the ground up with security in mind. These operating systems include many specific measures to make it much more difficult for hackers to run unauthorized code. As the world switches over to these new operating systems, we might find that malware will become a much smaller problem.

To understand what makes these new operating systems more secure, consider how the typical Windows computer works. Need a new program? All you have to do is download it from the Web and install. Sure, the OS will ask you if you're sure you want to go ahead, but we're all trained to mindlessly click past the warnings. Over time, as you download lots of different apps from all over the Web, you collect a pile of digital junk. At any given moment, you've got dozens of programs that you don't know about running simultaneously, and they're all free to ruin your machine (or your life) whenever they'd like. That's part of the reason why your computer appears to slow down after years of use—it's clogged with junk. Eventually you've got to buy a new machine or reinstall your OS in order to get it working right again.

This problem is not specific to Windows. We rarely hear about malware infecting the Mac, but that's mainly because only around 5 percent of computers in the world are running the Mac OS. Hackers attack Windows for the same reason that robbers target banks—that's where the money is. But there isn't much inherent in the Mac's design that makes it less vulnerable to attack. Macs have the same installation process as Windows computers—they'll run anything you find online, and once the program is running, it can do almost anything. Macs can beand are—infected by bad stuff, and if lots of individuals and companies follow Google's lead and adopt the OS, surely the attackers will follow.


The Slatest

Ben Bradlee Dead at 93

The legendary Washington Post editor presided over the paper’s Watergate coverage.

The Congressional Republican Digging Through Scientists’ Grant Proposals

Renée Zellweger’s New Face Is Too Real

Sleater-Kinney Was Once America’s Best Rock Band

Can it be again?

Whole Foods Is Desperate for Customers to Feel Warm and Fuzzy Again

The XX Factor

I’m 25. I Have $250.03.

My doctors want me to freeze my eggs.

The XX Factor
Oct. 20 2014 6:17 PM I’m 25. I Have $250.03. My doctors want me to freeze my eggs.

Forget Oculus Rift

This $25 cardboard box turns your phone into an incredibly fun virtual reality experience.

George Tiller’s Murderer Threatens Another Abortion Provider, Claims Free Speech

Walmart Is Crushing the Rest of Corporate America in Adopting Solar Power

  News & Politics
The World
Oct. 21 2014 3:13 PM Why Countries Make Human Rights Pledges They Have No Intention of Honoring
Oct. 21 2014 5:57 PM Soda and Fries Have Lost Their Charm for Both Consumers and Investors
The Vault
Oct. 21 2014 2:23 PM A Data-Packed Map of American Immigration in 1903
  Double X
The XX Factor
Oct. 21 2014 3:03 PM Renée Zellweger’s New Face Is Too Real
  Slate Plus
Behind the Scenes
Oct. 21 2014 1:02 PM Where Are Slate Plus Members From? This Weird Cartogram Explains. A weird-looking cartogram of Slate Plus memberships by state.
Brow Beat
Oct. 21 2014 9:42 PM The All The President’s Men Scene That Perfectly Captured Ben Bradlee’s Genius
Oct. 21 2014 5:38 PM Justified Paranoia Citizenfour offers a look into the mind of Edward Snowden.
  Health & Science
Climate Desk
Oct. 21 2014 11:53 AM Taking Research for Granted Texas Republican Lamar Smith continues his crusade against independence in science.
Sports Nut
Oct. 20 2014 5:09 PM Keepaway, on Three. Ready—Break! On his record-breaking touchdown pass, Peyton Manning couldn’t even leave the celebration to chance.