They're Fast, They're Cheap, and I'm Out of Control
How I got addicted to playing games on my iPhone.
Last month, I became an obsessive air-traffic controller. The culprit: a terrific game for the iPhone called Flight Control. The premise is simple: You're faced with a crush of planes, and it's your job to guide each one to its respective runway. The gameplay, though, is irresistibly difficult. A few minutes in, the planes start to show up at an alarming rate, and you scramble to keep them from crashing into one another. When they do crash, the game beckons you to play again. Flight Control is so addictive it ought to come with a warning label. According to Firemint, the game's publisher, the 99-cent app has been purchased more than 700,000 times since March; at its peak, it was being downloaded 20,000 times a day.
As I succumbed to Flight Control, I tried to puzzle out what made it so hard to put down. Sure, it's well-designed and fun. But there's something else about the game that's infectious: You can play it anywhere, in those moments in the day when you're otherwise unoccupied, bored, and alone. Because the game is repetitive, a bit mindless, and brief—you can play it for a couple of minutes, then put it away—it expands to occupy all your time. I've loaded up Flight Control while standing in line at the supermarket, while waiting at the doctor's office, and during bouts of insomnia. Also, of course, in the bathroom.
When I tell people that my iPhone isn't a very good phone—its reception in my apartment is so terrible that I reach for Skype as an alternative—they look at me as if I'm an idiot. Why pay all that money for a phone that doesn't phone? But the iPhone's name is a marketing trick; it's really a mobile computer that I occasionally use to make crappy phone calls. As Flight Control shows, it's also a game system. While it lacks the features of proper mobile game devices like Nintendo's DS, the iPhone (and its phoneless sibling the iPod Touch) has a few key advantages over those dedicated devices—you carry it everywhere, and it's always connected to a vast storehouse of cheap, addictive games.
I've never been much of a gamer, so I've never had a DS or any other handheld. How did Apple turn me into a gaming obsessive? Since the iPhone's games go for a buck or two a piece, they're not much of a risk, and many follow the recipe for great games once put forward by Nolan Bushnell, the founder of Atari and Chuck E. Cheese: They're easy to learn but difficult to master. Nongamers will get the hang of Flight Control in a few seconds, but you'll tear your hair out trying to land more than 50 planes—and you'll keep trying. In the meantime, while you weren't looking, the iPhone turned you into a gamer.
It's true that there are many sprawling games in the App Store—titles like Oregon Trail, which takes days to finish, or SimCity, which never really ends—but some of the platform's most successful developers are the startups and one-man shops that can't afford to produce huge games. Instead they make small, easily digestible titles that appeal to a wide audience. The first developer to crack this code was Ethan Nicholas, whose tale of quick riches achieved the level of myth earlier this year. Nicholas was a programmer at Sun Microsystems who'd been facing some unexpected financial difficulties, and he took up iPhone programming as a way out of his problems. Last fall, he spent weeks—some of it while cradling his 1-year-old son—writing a tank-war game called iShoot. The game, which sold for $2.99, hit the App Store in October, and in January, it shot up to the top spot—selling hundreds of thousands of copies and earning Nicholas enough to let him quit his job and take up iPhone development full-time.
IShoot was also the first app to pull me into playing games on my phone. The concept was easy to grasp; it's an artillery game in which your mission is to pick the right weapon and guess the correct angle and velocity to shoot at other tanks spread out on a mountainous, two-dimensional landscape. Though its graphics are quirky—among the places the tanks appear are Mount Rushmore and the roof of the White House—iShoot is obviously a low-fi production. But that's not a rap against it: Nicholas paid careful attention to the way a novice progresses through the game, and he tweaked the levels of difficulty to make it maximally enjoyable. My $3 turned out to be a wise investment: The game provided weeks of fun—I fought tanks every chance I got, progressing from "easy" to "extreme" difficulty, growing bored only when I'd become good enough to beat every level.
Many of the best games for the iPhone follow iShoot's model—they're imitations of classic titles that have proven successful on other platforms. A couple of months ago, I downloaded Fieldrunners, an iPhone version of the tower-defense games that have long been a huge hit on the Web. Tower-defense games—in which you build elaborate mazes to prevent swarms of enemies from making their way across your screen—are notoriously addictive; the most popular Web version, Desktop Tower Defense, must have reduced global productivity by at least a few percentage points when it launched in 2007. (I missed a couple of book deadlines because of it.) Fieldrunners has all the addictiveness of that game, but it produces none of the guilt. Because I played it in stolen time—away from my computer, where I have other things to do—I didn't feel bad about the weeks I spent trying to beat it. I quit the game only when I made the terrible mistake of searching the Web for hints; I found a foolproof maze design that gave me a high score every time, rendering the game unfun.
There is no evidence that the iPhone has hurt the sales of traditional handheld gaming systems. In April, Nintendo released the DSi, its latest portable game system, and sales have been through the roof. But at least part of the interest in the new device has to do with a feature that Nintendo copied from Apple: an app store. The DSi connects to an online marketplace through Wi-Fi; games go for a few dollars each, and, as on the iPhone, you can play them instantly. At the moment, the library of available games isn't huge, but the DS has a large fan base, so you can expect game developers to build many titles for it. Still, the DSi offers casual gamers like myself little reason to switch—after all, it doesn't have a phone (even a crappy one).
My latest iPhone gaming habit is Strategery, a beautifully designed version of Risk. Once again, there's a simple premise: You take over a map by beating neighboring countries with rolls of a die. But developers have built startling artificial intelligence into the game's computer opponents; when you set the difficulty high, they anticipate and block your strategy with ruthless efficiency. It's nerve-wracking and often seems impossible—though every time I lose, I want to play again. Eventually, I'm sure, I'll get tired of it. But the App Store is huge and the games are cheap. In no time, I'll find something else to entertain me in the checkout line.
Farhad Manjoo is Slate's technology columnist and the author of True Enough: Learning To Live in a Post-Fact Society. You can email him at email@example.com and follow him on Twitter.