Infomercials Deserve a Little More Respect

The making of America.
May 4 2014 11:44 PM

Is the Infomercial Dead?

The format thrives, but big companies are taking over.

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But increasingly, prestige brands are getting into DRTV. While Time-Life may have been one of the first to try direct sales in the early ’90s, brands like Johnson & Johnson, which spent $22 million on its DRTV launch of Neutrogena SkinID in 2008, see value in the ad format once reserved for the Shake Weight. Hawthorne told me that major brands are attracted to DRTV because it introduces some accountability to their market testing. Creating ads with traditional DRTV features—celebrities, demonstrations, and most importantly, a call to action—allows you to measure sales before or after the spot runs, as well as how it impacts social media and search.

Jon Nathanson suggests that this new generation of DRTV ads is aimed at driving purchasers to retail stores. “Despite appearances, it’s not really about selling you anything,” he wrote. “It’s about selling you to retailers—running cheap tests in local markets, building local retail relationships, then moving up the chain to national deals.”

But the influx of brands into traditional DRTV time slots is increasing the cost of media time and making it prohibitively expensive for unestablished brands and garage inventors. This, along with time-shifting and cord-cutting, has made the infomercial a riskier way to launch a product. Today, even companies like Telebrands test upward of 100 products a year to get maybe five hits. DRTV used to be the fastest, most economical route to invention success for products like the Hawaii Chair. No more. “Still, in the heart of many inventors, they dream of an infomercial hit,” Hawthorne told me. “Just as everyone in Hollywood seems to have a have script in their bottom desk drawer.”

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I asked Hawthorne whether infomercials were more of a “heartland” product—the result of garage inventors outside big-city production zones. Although there’s nothing particularly geographic to it, he suggested that people creating DRTV products are different from math majors coming out of MIT and heading to Silicon Valley. Thom Jensen, the inventor of the Perfect Bacon Bowl, is a Salt Lake City research histologist who tinkers in his spare time. The idea came to him when he was making bacon turtles for his family. And, Jensen told me, he has 20 to 30 other ideas in his back pocket, so perhaps there’s another monster hit on the way.

It’s hard not to scoff at some of the products you see pitched in infomercials—but the format deserves a little respect. In their heyday, infomercials were certainly an innovative, scrappy way of bringing a product to market. “It’s part of a recurring pattern—when you develop any new means of communicating with consumers, the people quickest off the block tend to be smaller entrepreneurs. In part because they’re more nimble, in part because other avenues are closed to them,” Amar Bhidé, a professor at Tufts University who has studied entrepreneurship, told me. The downside: Long-run, economy-wide prosperity is due to technological advances, Bhidé says. In the case of most DRTV products, when one novelty dies, another shows up, but there’s no technological advancement. OK, the PedEgg isn’t likely to transform the economy. Still, it’s a little sad that increasingly low odds of success and the growing cost of DRTV are shutting off infomercials to anyone other than the leading DRTV marketers and major brands. Besides, what will BuzzFeed make GIF lists about now?

But is this shift cutting off the spigot of American invention? Is the pathway to Snuggie success completely gutted? Perhaps not. Sites like Kickstarter and Etsy may in many ways be the heirs of DRTV. Look over the crowdfunder and online marketplace and it’s easy to see a direct line from gadget-hawking infomercials. In fact, many of Kickstarter’s pitch videos use the same proven infomercial strategies that may have enticed you to buy the Booty Pop: Demonstrate a problem, back it up with facts and figures, create an illusion of scarcity, and have a clear call to action. Not to mention Edison Nation, a Web platform that helps inventors submit ideas in response to company product searches, and even As Seen on TV’s own crowdfunding site.

New brands that may have once advertised in the darkest hours of the morning are now able to market themselves online, thanks to these sites, and Hawthorne assures me that the big guys, like Guthy-Renker and Telebrands, are trawling the Internet looking for the next Bowflex. So, the dream may not be over for those that lie awake, thinking of Slim Suits. But act now—supplies may not last.

Ariel Bogle is a researcher for Future Tense.