What Parts of Earth Do Astronauts Most Like to Photograph?

What's to come?
Oct. 3 2013 4:52 PM

Say Cheese

Plotting the 1,129,177 photos of Earth that astronauts have taken from the International Space Station.

Photo of the Earth from the International Space Station.
Photo of the Earth from the International Space Station, June 2012.

Photo courtesy of Don Pettit/NASA

The first mission to the International Space Station was more than 12 years ago. In that time, from their perch 400 kilometers above Earth, astronauts have taken more than 1 million photographs. Nearly all of these photos have been archived on NASA's servers.

In my spare time, I've crawled that archive, looking up the location of the ISS for each of the 1,129,177 astronaut photos that have been cataloged. (There are even more yet to be properly entered!)

Most of these images are of the same parts of Earth we like to look at when we're standing on it. Coastlines, islands, and cities seem to be popular targets. So much so that it's possible to make out a basic map just by drawing a dot at every point the space station was when a photo was taken.


This makes sense—clouds over a vast, blank ocean get old after a while. And I'm sure every astronaut has taken at least one photograph of the town he or she grew up in. Just to be sure it's really a map, I added outlines of the continents under the dots, colored by mission to see who took photos where.


Breaking it out into individual maps makes it even clearer.


During Expedition 30/31, Don Pettit took dozens of amazing time-lapse sequences consisting of thousands of images taken continuously as the ISS sailed along its orbit. One can clearly see many dark lines appear during his time on station. In fact, he's single-handedly responsible for almost half the images taken on orbit!

Because this data is from NASA, it is in the public domain. I've taken care to make the aggregated data public as well. All of it can be found on my github page.

Nathan Bergey is a space-obsessed freelance programmer and open-source rocket scientist in Portland, Ore.


The Slatest

Ben Bradlee Dead at 93

The legendary Washington Post editor presided over the paper’s Watergate coverage.

This Scene From All The President’s Men Captures Ben Bradlee’s Genius

Renée Zellweger’s New Face Is Too Real

Sleater-Kinney Was Once America’s Best Rock Band

Can it be again?

Whole Foods Is Desperate for Customers to Feel Warm and Fuzzy Again

The XX Factor

I’m 25. I Have $250.03.

My doctors want me to freeze my eggs.

The XX Factor
Oct. 20 2014 6:17 PM I’m 25. I Have $250.03. My doctors want me to freeze my eggs.

Forget Oculus Rift

This $25 cardboard box turns your phone into an incredibly fun virtual reality experience.

George Tiller’s Murderer Threatens Another Abortion Provider, Claims Free Speech

The Congressional Republican Digging Through Scientists’ Grant Proposals

  News & Politics
The World
Oct. 21 2014 3:13 PM Why Countries Make Human Rights Pledges They Have No Intention of Honoring
Oct. 21 2014 5:57 PM Soda and Fries Have Lost Their Charm for Both Consumers and Investors
The Vault
Oct. 21 2014 2:23 PM A Data-Packed Map of American Immigration in 1903
  Double X
The XX Factor
Oct. 21 2014 3:03 PM Renée Zellweger’s New Face Is Too Real
  Slate Plus
Behind the Scenes
Oct. 21 2014 1:02 PM Where Are Slate Plus Members From? This Weird Cartogram Explains. A weird-looking cartogram of Slate Plus memberships by state.
Brow Beat
Oct. 21 2014 9:42 PM The All The President’s Men Scene That Perfectly Captured Ben Bradlee’s Genius
Oct. 21 2014 5:38 PM Justified Paranoia Citizenfour offers a look into the mind of Edward Snowden.
  Health & Science
Climate Desk
Oct. 21 2014 11:53 AM Taking Research for Granted Texas Republican Lamar Smith continues his crusade against independence in science.
Sports Nut
Oct. 20 2014 5:09 PM Keepaway, on Three. Ready—Break! On his record-breaking touchdown pass, Peyton Manning couldn’t even leave the celebration to chance.