The Dumbest Rule in the History of Golf: You Can’t Putt Between Your Legs

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June 13 2013 6:49 PM

Golf’s Unconscionable Ban on Croquet Putting

Think the new prohibition against anchoring your putter is dumb? In 1968, it was deemed illegal to putt between your legs.

Tim Clark (R) of South Africa uses an anchored putter during practice before the US Open at Merion Golf Club
Golfer Tim Clark (in blue) uses an anchored putter during U.S. Open practice on Wednesday. The technique is to be banned starting 2016.

Photo by Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images

Webb Simpson won the 2012 U.S. Open with an anchored putter. Adam Scott did the same at this year’s Masters. If either player used the same technique a few years from now, he’d be penalized, branded a rule-breaker, and possibly slapped across the face with a golf glove for dishonoring his sport. As of Jan. 1, 2016, anchoring one’s putter—that is, in the words of the president of the United States Golf Association, “intentionally securing one end of the club against the body, and creating a point of physical attachment around which the club is swung”—will be banned by the USGA and the R&A.

Josh Levin Josh Levin

Josh Levin is Slate's executive editor.

Why have the game’s twin governing bodies vowed to stop the practice of affixing the butt end of one’s putter to the stomach, forearm, or chin? "Rule 14-1b protects one of the important challenges in the game—the free swing of the entire club," explained USGA president Glen Nager late last month. "The traditional stroke involves swinging the club with both the club and gripping hands held away from the body, requiring the player to direct and control the movement of the entire club.”

Tradition in golf is a tradition unlike any other. It is the sledgehammer that the sport’s adherents bludgeon us with, in pursuit of an ideal state of unchangedness they long to achieve. So, naturally, the nontraditional practice of anchoring the putter must be excised from the game. As the USGA’s helpful infographic points out, the claw, cross-handed, and—of course—“traditional” grips are still permitted.

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There’s nothing more traditional in the grand old game, in fact, than banning goofy putting practices. Consider the case of the croquet-style stroke, which the sport’s protectors banned 45 years ago because, as the then executive director of the USGA put it, “the game of golf was becoming bizarre.” Heaven forfend!

In the early 1960s, an Oregonian named Bob Duden decided the traditional putting stance—feet off to the side, one eye pointed in the direction of the cup—didn’t make much sense. Rather than succumb to orthodoxy, Duden began to straddle the line of his putts. By placing his feet on either side of the ball, he was able to look at the hole with both eyes, enabling him to better read which way his putts would roll. The golfing pioneer also invented a putter, “The Dude,” that featured a large kink in the middle of the shaft—a shape that helped keep the club’s face square and generate a repeatable, pendulum-like swing.

In 1966, a couple of years after The Dude’s debut, Sam Snead gave croquet putting a try. Slammin’ Sammy, by then in his mid-50s, was known for his beautiful swing but had long struggled with yips on the green. As you can see in this video, Snead took the croquet style to new lows.

The spry old-timer stands directly behind the ball, his putter between his legs. He then contorts his body into the shape of a question mark, anchoring the flatstick with his top hand and moving it forward with his bottom hand—an approach that golfer Jimmy Demaret said was reminiscent of basting a turkey. "I putt better this cockeyed way,” Snead explained to Sports Illustrated in 1967. “Not too many people can bend over quite as well as I can, but I think it is good for old golfers. They don't have to coordinate two hands, only one." And as he told the AP that same year, there was an additional benefit: “I can read the green much better with my croquet style because my eyes are so much closer to the putting surface.”

Before Snead got to stooping, the croquet crowd hadn’t attracted much notice from the USGA. But as Al Barkow explains in Sam: The One and Only Sam Snead, the straw-hatted, seven-time major champion was a famous name, a player whose actions could inspire widespread adoption of an unorthodox technique. At the 1967 Masters, the legendary Bobby Jones—a man who, according to the Atlanta History Center, “called singular attention to the game’s best traditions”—threw a conniption at the sight of Snead’s bizarro methodology. According to Barkow, “Jones sat with Sam in a golf cart and told him that the putting style he had adopted didn’t look like golf.” Jones mentioned his objection to USGA executive director Joe Dey, who “took up St. Bobby’s observation and set in motion the process of banning croquet putting.”

Despite the protestations of Snead, Gary Player ("I don't believe you should put a man down to hitting the ball one way") and Jack Nicklaus ("This is ridiculous. Why don't they just let us tee up the ball and play it?"), the croquet prohibition went into effect in January 1968. The new golf commandment both banned croquet-style putters like The Dude and decreed that it was henceforth illegal to straddle the ball on the green. “[F]or the first time in golfing history,” as Sports Illustrated explained in a 1967 feature, “the game's ruling bodies were telling a man how he had to hit the ball.” Dey told SI that a full-on ban “was the only way to eliminate the unconventional styles that have developed in putting. The game of golf was becoming bizarre. It was some other game, part croquet, part shuffleboard, and part the posture of Mohammedan prayer." Croquet putting had been banned, essentially, because a couple of old guys thought it looked dumb.

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