The morning after Martha Coakley won a four-way Democratic primary in early December, her opponents gathered in a Boston ballroom to present a united front. I stopped by to cheer on my friend Alan Khazei, who had won the Globe endorsement but tried in vain to convince primary voters to nominate an outsider. The most striking aspect of an otherwise unremarkable event was the backdrop behind Coakley, which said simply, "The Massachusetts DEMOCRATIC Party." A local operative joked that nowhere else in America would a campaign make the Democratic Party its general election message.
So much for that idea. It turns out that even in Massachusetts, a successful candidate has to be able to reach beyond party label. Among independent voters, Scott Brown beat Coakley by more than 2-to-1. Her generic campaign even turned off some moderate Democrats: Brown appears to have picked up Democratic crossovers at three times the rate Coakley carried Republicans.
Democrats across the country woke up this morning wondering how to reverse the curse that left us a nominee who could go on Boston radio and think Red Sox icon Curt Schilling rooted for the Yankees. Ironically, in the annals of epic defeat, the only one that rivals Coakley's is the Yankee collapse that made Schilling a legend. After such a disastrous campaign, Democrats' temptation will be a familiar reflex: to ignore the voters and blame all our problems on a lousy candidate.
Sadly, a debate on "who lost Massachusetts?" won't change the result, nor will if-only-we'd-passed-everything-when-we-had-60 historical revisionism. What matters is learning the right lessons from this election so that voters don't feel the need to teach us them again elsewhere:
First, the big problems that Obama inherited test the limits of what many Americans are prepared to trust government to solve. The economic crisis saddled Obama with a host of nasty and persistent challenges, from bailing out the banks and saving the auto industry to creating jobs and paying all the bills the crisis left behind. With so many people hurting, some Democrats assumed that the Great Recession would lead to a sea change in Americans' tolerance for government help. If anything, the reverse is true: Americans desperately anxious about their own finances have become more anxious about the country's.
That's no surprise to the administration. Throughout the health reform debate, the president has been outspoken about the fiscal importance of lowering long-term health costs, insisting that Congress offset new costs with new savings and that the final price tag stay well below what House Democrats wanted.
But in practical terms, the results from Massachusetts serve as a yellow caution flag warning drivers to proceed with care because of hazards on the track. As Sen. Claire McKaskill said Wednesday, "People out there believe that we are going too far, too fast." A party that believes that government has a role to play in solving national problems needs people's trust that government can actually do it. To succeed, Democrats still have to do what for decades has been—fairly or unfairly—our special burden: to reassure citizens every step of the way that our mission is to make government better, not bigger.
Even before the results were known on Tuesday, the White House and congressional leaders agreed on an important first step to do just that—a bipartisan deficit reduction commission that will propose a plan to put the nation's fiscal house in order over the next decade. That initiative helps on two fronts, by tackling voters' greatest long-term worry in a responsible way—and by giving any Republicans willing to be constructive a place to park their truck.
Second, the most results-oriented, cost-conscious, change-driven voters are independents, who loom more important than ever to Democrats' governing majority. Every cycle, Democrats have a tastes-great-less-filling debate about whether the way to win elections is to excite the base or persuade swing voters. The truth is, in easy races either course will do, but in tough districts, tough states, and tough years, we have to excel at both. For all the frustrations that come with managing a broad majority, a big-tent party won't do better by making the tent smaller.
In Massachusetts, Democrats turned out in impressive numbers for a special election. Unfortunately, too many Democrats on the fence defected to Brown, and independents turned out in droves to support him. Independents cost us any chance at the governorships in Virginia and New Jersey as well.