Dogs and cats living together.

Dogs and cats living together.

Dogs and cats living together.

Pets and people.
March 18 2005 7:51 AM

Dogs and Cats Living Together

God help us.

Illustration by Mark Alan Stamaty

For months after we brought home our beagle, Sasha, to our two previously installed cats, I would look at the photos on the Internet of cats and beagles snoozing together or grooming each other and conclude these images were either computer-generated or posed with animals freshly returned from the taxidermist.

Emily Yoffe Emily Yoffe

Emily Yoffe is a contributing editor at the Atlantic.

Things couldn't have been going worse. Who knew our obese, somnolent cats could have been instructors for Delta Force? They stalked Sasha in tandem, and when she tried to flee, the cats flanked her, maneuvered her into a corner, and slashed at her ears. Sasha, not a strategic thinker, would then wait until they were asleep and rush at them barking. The aroused cats then slashed some more.

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This resulted in a three-species epidemic of stress-induced colitis. I found an over-the-counter treatment for myself, but my veterinarian got out the pad and gave me a prescription for liquid Prozac for Sasha, Biscuit, and Goldie.

No wonder half the population is on the stuff. A few weeks after the cats started slurping Prozac, I noticed that when Sasha (who had to drop her treatment because of explosive diarrhea) tried her usual attack gambit, the cats, instead of trying to ride her bareback, merely waved her away, like the cool kids amused by the class dork.

In the movie Ghostbusters the apocalypse is envisioned as, "Rivers and seas boiling! The dead rising from the grave! ...Human sacrifice! Dogs and cats living together!" Today about 20 percent of pet-owning households are experiencing this doomsday scenario. It looked as if Provo, Utah, had put a stop to such madness last year, when a story made national headlines about the ordinance banning citizens from owning both cats and dogs. It turned out to be a big misunderstanding. A badly worded law limited dog and cat lovers to two pets but made it sound as if the owners had to choose species. The law was amended and now the people of Provo can have a total of four dogs and cats at any ratio they like.

There is even a genre of entertainment devoted to mixed-species living. Take the comic strips Garfield and Get Fuzzy,which both feature a young man, his cynically manipulative cat, and amiable dunce of a dog. The unwatchable movie Cats & Dogs takes the "cat is cunning, dog is dodo" approach even further in its portrayal of evil cats versus a sweetly innocent beagle. Harvard President Larry Summers, when he's through with his gender re-education, should form a task force on species stereotyping.

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In consulting behaviorists and friends with pet-diversity issues, I discovered my experience falls somewhere in the middle. I didn't mind that my pets would never be models for interspecies love, as long as my cats weren't ending up on a slab in the Special Felines Unit. Stephen Zawistowski, senior vice president at the ASPCA, once had a Doberman and a cat who were so in tune the dog allowed the cat to rub around her legs, scent marking her. Now he has a beagle and a cat, and he finds they are like having a teenage boy and girl in the same house. "They have different forms of existence," he says. "They pass each other."

Zawistowski says one big problem that occurs between the two species is that they misinterpret each other—the way an American's thumbs-up gesture can be the equivalent of giving the finger in the Middle East. For example, a dog rolling on its back is either signaling submission or that it's ready to play. A cat on its back is in full defensive mode, says Zawistowski, "ready to slash with all four feet and use its teeth."

There is also a Punch-and-Judy aspect to many dog-and-cat encounters. A dog indicates it wants to play with a cat by literally getting in its face; the cat responds with a swat to the snout. If you've ever sat through a Punch-and-Judy show, it feelslike it lasts for years, but these dog-and-cat shows often actuallydo. That the dog never stops trying proved to be a tonic for the cat of Gene Carter, a retired professor of finance in Washington. His 17-year-old cat, Amos, had a stroke that paralyzed a back leg. The younger beagle, Spooky, continued to badger the ailing cat so much that Amos' efforts to escape from the dog constituted physical therapy. Amos regained the use of his limb and lived to run away from Spooky for another three years.

Sometimes the dog acts brutish to the cat all day, then insists on cuddling up with it at night—think of this as Stanley Kowalski syndrome. My friend Cindy says often she'll come home and find the Lhasa apso, Cinnamon, and the cat, Rosie, sleepingnext to each other. But once they're awake, Cinnamon jealously guards the family, barking at Rosie if she tries to get near them. Rosie then banishes herself to the bathroom, where she waits on the mat for a pat from passing family members. Cindy has unwittingly followed an important dictate the experts say is crucial in a cat-and-dog household: Each species must have the equivalent of a room of its own. For cats this can be counters or high furniture, for the dog a crate. An indoor cat must also have a litter box that's out of the dog's reach, so the dog can't use it as a source of breath mints.

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When crossing the species barrier, the experts also say first impressions count a lot. Your best chance of success is mixing a dog and cat when they're both young, so they will be socialized to accept each other. If you missed that opportunity, it's important that the new playmates are as closely supervised as a Saudi princess and a suitor.

Larry Lachman, a California animal-behavior consultant, once was called in to save the marriage of a woman with cats who had wed a man with a cat-hating schnauzer. After keeping the cats and dog completely separated, he slowly re-exposed them to each other. He kept the dog on a gradually longer leash and rewarded good behavior with attention from the owners and hunks of cheese for the dog and catnip for the cats. After eight weeks the animals were "drooling to be together," Lachman says. (Perhaps longer leashes and hunks of cheese can work for marriage counseling, too.)

Although a cat can inflict usually superficial damage to a dog with its claws, the real danger comes when a dog's predatory drive is stimulated. And that ancient gong is easily rung by the sight of a small, furry creature running in the opposite direction. Arizona veterinarian Kelly Moffat says it's generally good news when the dog barks around the cats; more ominous is silent stalking. She had one client with three cats and a German shepherd who came home to find one of the cats in shreds. Then the dog started following the older, more debilitated of the remaining cats. In such a case, Moffat doesn't hold out much hope for canine rehabilitation—although perhaps the owner could sell the rights to a feline-in-jeopardy movie to Animal Planet.

By the time a dog needs a restraining order, one of the species probably has to be given away, Moffat says. At the least, they have to remain separated, with the dog in a muzzle when they are exposed to each other. This latter solution teaches any children in the house valuable lessons in managing conflict and also prepares them for exciting career opportunities at Guantanamo Bay.

At my house the cats and dog have settled into their own parallel universes, which occasionally cross during anal-gland assessment sessions. I've even weaned the cats off the liquid Prozac, which is a good thing because I've found that a dropperful in a glass of juice is the perfect aperitif for a human in a three-species household.