Following our discussions of fascism in Italy and Spain, Fascism: A Slate Academy arrives at an Eastern example: Romania, where the movements of the 1920s and 1930s were particularly bloody, mystical, and anti-Semitic. We turn to Radu Ioanid, historian and archivist at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and author of The Sword of the Archangel: Fascist Ideology in Romania, to try to understand the difference
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Supplementary reading for this episode
- C.Z. Codreanu, “The Nest Leader’s Manual,” via Archive.org.
- Teju Cole, “A Time for Refusal,” the New York Times, Nov. 11, 2016.
- Radu Ioanid, The Sword of the Archangel: Fascist Ideology in Romania.
- Eugène Ionescu, Rhinocéros.
- Stanley Payne, A History of Fascism, 1914-1945: Chapter 8: “Four Major Variants of Fascism,” the sections on Hungary and Romania.
- Marta Petreu, An Infamous Past: E.M. Cioran and the Rise of Fascism in Romania.