What's in the Vatican Secret Archives?

Answers to your questions about the news.
Oct. 16 2007 5:28 PM

What's in the Vatican Secret Archives?

A whole lot of bulls.

Pope Benedict XVI. Click image to expand.
Pope Benedict XVI (in white) greets people at the Vatican

A publishing house associated with the Vatican announced on Friday that it will publish copies of the Parchment of Chinon, a 700-year-old document about the Knights Templar that was uncovered in the Vatican Secret Archives in 2001. What other goodies do the secret archives hold?

Torie Bosch Torie Bosch

Torie Bosch is the editor of Future Tense, a project of Slate, the New America Foundation, and Arizona State that looks at the implications of new technologies. 

Mostly administrative records. The archives, which were founded in the early 17th century, house records from the Vatican's day-to-day dealings—papal bulls, records of diplomacy, official correspondence, the records of apostolic nunciature (Vatican embassies), and more. (The Vatican Library, on the other hand, contains manuscripts on science, religion, and art that the Vatican has collected over the centuries.)


But that doesn't mean the documents are boring. The Vatican's "official correspondence" includes letters from King Henry VIII of England to Anne Boleyn (a Vatican spy swiped them because they proved the king's disloyalty to the Catholic Chuch) and from the infamous Lucrezia Borgia to her father, Pope Alexander VI. The Knights Templar papers are also meaty: They detail the investigation and subsequent punishment of the secretive order for, among other things, allegedly having inductees spit on a cross as an initiation rite.

For the most part, archival documents remain locked up unless they are released by a papal administration. For instance, in 1985, the documents from Pope Pius X's and Pope Benedict XV's tenures were made public. In 2006, the current pope, Benedict XVI, granted permission to release materials from 1922 to 1939, Pope Pius XI's era. (Traditionally, documents can be released after 75 or more years.) On occasion, though, documents unrelated to a certain pope's administration can made public, as with the Parchment of Chinon. In 2003, the pope decided to release some materials relating to the Vatican's relationship with Germany during the time period preceding World War II.

Despite the name, the archives aren't a secret in the hush-hush, classified sense. Instead, the word secret in this case means that the archives are private. To use them, you have to go through an application process and prove that you're a seasoned researcher with a specific project in mind—and specific documents that you're looking for.

Not all of the Vatican's important documents are stored in the Vatican Secret Archives. Others are housed in the Propaganda Fide, which contains records of the church's missionary efforts in Africa, Latin America, and elsewhere; the Archive of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, which deals with the church's teachings, including the Inquisition and forbidden books; and the Fabbrica di San Pietro, which houses materials about the building of St. Peter's Basilica.

Got a question about today's news? Ask the Explainer.

Explainer thanks Francis X. Blouin Jr., author of Vatican Archives: An Inventory and Guide to Historical Documents of the Holy See.



The World’s Politest Protesters

The Occupy Central demonstrators are courteous. That’s actually what makes them so dangerous.

The Religious Right Is Not Happy With Republicans  

The XX Factor
Oct. 1 2014 4:58 PM The Religious Right Is Not Happy With Republicans  

The Feds Have Declared War on Encryption—and the New Privacy Measures From Apple and Google

The One Fact About Ebola That Should Calm You

It spreads slowly.

These “Dark” Lego Masterpieces Are Delightful and Evocative


Operation Backbone

How White Boy Rick, a legendary Detroit cocaine dealer, helped the FBI uncover brazen police corruption.


Talking White

Black people’s disdain for “proper English” and academic achievement is a myth.

Activists Are Trying to Save an Iranian Woman Sentenced to Death for Killing Her Alleged Rapist

Piper Kerman on Why She Dressed Like a Hitchcock Heroine for Her Prison Sentencing

  News & Politics
Oct. 1 2014 7:26 PM Talking White Black people’s disdain for “proper English” and academic achievement is a myth.
Oct. 1 2014 2:16 PM Wall Street Tackles Chat Services, Shies Away From Diversity Issues 
Oct. 1 2014 6:02 PM Facebook Relaxes Its “Real Name” Policy; Drag Queens Celebrate
  Double X
The XX Factor
Oct. 1 2014 5:11 PM Celebrity Feminist Identification Has Reached Peak Meaninglessness
  Slate Plus
Behind the Scenes
Oct. 1 2014 3:24 PM Revelry (and Business) at Mohonk Photos and highlights from Slate’s annual retreat.
Brow Beat
Oct. 1 2014 9:39 PM Tom Cruise Dies Over and Over Again in This Edge of Tomorrow Supercut
Future Tense
Oct. 1 2014 6:59 PM EU’s Next Digital Commissioner Thinks Keeping Nude Celeb Photos in the Cloud Is “Stupid”
  Health & Science
Oct. 1 2014 4:03 PM Does the Earth Really Have a “Hum”? Yes, but probably not the one you’re thinking.
Sports Nut
Oct. 1 2014 5:19 PM Bunt-a-Palooza! How bad was the Kansas City Royals’ bunt-all-the-time strategy in the American League wild-card game?