Beg the question
Assume a claim is true without evidence other than the claim itself (circular logic)
Prompt or raise a question
Kill one-tenth of a population
Kill or eliminate a large enough proportion of something so as to render it ineffective
Lacking a selfish reason to favor a particular side in a debate or contest, and therefore impartial
Make a small amount of something last, with sparing use
Achieve narrowly and laboriously
Hoi polloi 1
The common people
The fancy people2
All or nearly all
For a moment
In a moment; presently
Having big or prominent teeth; quality of a food that is dense or chewy
|Verbal||In words||Oral; spoken||0%||2|
1 Pedants and classics majors will point out that it is incorrect to say "the hoi polloi," because in Greek, hoi means the.
2 Probably because it sounds like "hoity toity."
3 I did not include two articles that discussed the proper meaning of hoi polloi.
4 This is a misleadingly low number, I would say, since the new meaning of momentarily is most often used conversationally, and hence is not likely to show up in news reports. Most of the Google News new-meaning citations are real-time updates, for example, "More details will be added to this story momentarily."
5 The new meaning of momentarily denotes the traditional meaning of presently.
6 I have made an executive decision to raise the score of presently by twenty points because context makes clear that the traditional meaning indicates a future action or occurrence, reducing confusion or ambiguity.
Update, April 8, 2011: As a reader identifying himself or herself as Jamougha has correctly pointed out, the use of disinterested to mean "uninterested" is not "new," and I was being imprecise to call it that. It goes back to the 17th century—as does using the word to mean "impartial" or "neutral," which I equally imprecisely described as "traditional." There's a similar history to presently. The Oxford English Dictionary cites uses to mean both "in a little while" (which I called "traditional") and "now" (which I called "new") back to the 15th century.
Here is a more precise account. Around the middle of the 20th century—not coincidentally, the time when the lion's share of present-day language prescriptivists were developing their prescriptivism—a consensus developed about various "rules" and meanings, including disinterested and presently. A key text reflecting that consensus is the second edition of H.M. Fowler's A Dictionary of Modern English Usage, which was published in 1965 and was the work of Sir Ernest Gowers. Gowers defines disinterested as "free from personal bias." He notes that OED called the "uninterested" sense "obsolete" until a 1933 edition, when it removed the designation, and says "this revival has since gathered strength." Sir Ernest did not approve, concluding, "A valuable differentiation is thus in need of rescue, if it is not too late."
As for presently-to-mean-"currently," the usage note in the current edition of the OED is a noncommittal model of its kind: "Apparently avoided in literary use between the 17th and 20th centuries, but in regular use in most English dialects and by Scottish writers; revived in the 20th cent. in the U.S., subsequently in Britain and elsewhere. Regarded by some usage writers, esp. after the mid 20th cent., as erroneous or ambiguous." Sir Ernest, predictably, raised an eyebrow at this use, commenting, "It is now enjoying a vigorous revival, though whether for any better reason than novelty hunting may be doubted, seeing that we have available for the same purpose not only now but also for those who dislike monosyllables at present and currently."
The history of both words illustrates the truth that, when it comes to language, there is no right or wrong in a metaphysical sense, only a consensus that holds for a particular period of time. And hold your comments: by consensus I mean the "new" sense of "general agreement," not the "traditional" sense of "unanimous agreement"!
Correction, April 8, 2011: This article originally stated that prescriptivists have been fighting on behalf of the "original" sense of disinterested (meaning "impartial") for centuries. Actually the fight's been going on since about the middle of the 20th, and it's not quite accurate to call "impartial" the "original" sense of disinterested for reasons outlined in the update. ( Return to the corrected sentence.)
Correction, April 7, 2011: Because of an editing error, this article originally stated that pompon was an alteration of pompom, rather than vice versa. "Pompon" is the hypercorrect word. (Return to the corrected sentence.)