The Psychic Toll of Night Rides
How survivors of Klan violence described the long-term injury wrought by white terror.
The Arming and Disarming of Black AmericaWhen black Americans finally won their Second Amendment rights, white Southerners wielded their own more anarchically than ever before.
South Carolina’s Forgotten Black Political RevolutionMany black Americans held public office in the former slave state before the promise of Reconstruction faded.
A Coup in North CarolinaHow white supremacists overthrew Wilmington’s legally elected city government.
Winning the Right to RideHow D.C.’s streetcars became an early battleground for post-emancipation civil rights.
The Smearing of America’s First Black LegislatorsHow corrupt was politics in the Reconstruction era?
The Roots of Jim CrowHow the Supreme Court failed to protect Black Americans’ hard-won rights of citizenship during Reconstruction.
What It TakesThe freedmen and Radical Republicans who managed to win power in local governments during Reconstruction.
How Homesteading FailedAfter Emancipation, it was circumstance—not citizenship—that enabled freedmen in Klan-run Alabama to acquire the land they had worked in bondage.
Reconstruction, ReconstructedThe historiography that helped white supremacy survive the collapse of the Confederacy.
A Radical Right to HappinessThe 19th-century fight over theatergoing that revolutionized human rights.
The Oppressor’s BookshelfAs formerly enslaved Americans battled to become literate, the only books available to them were written by white supremacists and condescending abolitionists.
A Revolution Comes HomeHow wage relations evolved after emancipation compelled slave owners to pay the domestic workers they had once enslaved.
How Andrew Johnson Doomed the Roanoke Island Freedmen’s ColonyAmid flailing efforts to secure land for former slaves, the new president ruthlessly prioritized Confederate resettlement over the advancement of freed people.
What Happened to the Plantations?How freedpeople pursued the dream of land ownership during Reconstruction, and how they were denied.