The Catholic Church’s New Respect for and Openness About Exorcism

Religion, spirituality, and sacrilege.
May 12 2014 2:24 PM

Witness to an Exorcism

How Pope Francis and the Vatican deal with the devil.

Exorcism and Prayer of Liberation annual conference
Participants of the Exorcism and Prayer of Liberation annual conference at the Pontifical Athenaeum Regina Apostolorum in Rome on May 5, 2014.

Photo By Marco Di Lauro/Reportage by Getty Images for the Washington Post

Old-school Satan is making a comeback in the Catholic Church. The Washington Post published a fascinating story over the weekend about Pope Francis and his understanding of the devil. The past several popes and many modern theologians have downplayed Satan’s significance, but according to a bishop who spoke anonymously to writer Anthony Faiola, “Pope Francis never stops talking about the Devil; it’s constant.” And Francis isn’t preaching about the metaphorical devil of temptation and evil and bad decisions, but a supernatural entity engaged in guerrilla warfare against the church and the faithful. As the bishop observes, “had Pope Benedict done this, the media would have clobbered him.”

Laura Helmuth Laura Helmuth

Laura Helmuth is Slate's science and health editor. 

One result of this emphasis on the devil is a new respect for exorcists. Last week the Vatican hosted its largest convention on exorcism, which Faiola attended; it was the first time media have been allowed into such a conference. The story is full of rich details and observations, and you should read the whole thing. Here’s a teaser:

During the conference, the Rev. Cesar Truqui, an exorcist based in Switzerland, recounted one experience he had aboard a Swissair flight. “Two lesbians,” he said, had sat behind him on the plane. Soon afterward, he said, he felt Satan’s presence. As he silently sought to repel the evil spirit through prayer, one of the women, he said, began growling demonically and threw chocolates at his head.
Asked how he knew the woman was possessed, he said that “once you hear a Satanic growl, you never forget it. It’s like smelling Margherita pizza for the first time. It’s something you never forget.”
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Faiola’s story gets even more dramatic, though—he witnessed a full, official exorcism, something involving five demons, a purple sash, and a lot of Latin. I talked to him about how he reported this respectful, insightful, revealing story. (The interview has been condensed and lightly edited for clarity.)

In the photo gallery that ran online in the Post to accompany your story, it looked like there were a lot of young people at the exorcism conference.

Anthony Faiola: We found that a lot of young priests, especially from Africa and Latin America, are interested in pursuing vocations in exorcism. They’re not officially exorcists yet, but most had some observational experience with exorcisms that had happened in their dioceses. 

It’s an incredibly hard thing in the Catholic Church to get an appointment as an exorcist. Some bishops out there officially buy into exorcism but unofficially don’t. The “ordinary,” the bishop or governing authority, has to appoint one, otherwise the exorcist can’t be considered official. What these guys are hoping to do is to break into the field. There are only about 500 to 600 exorcists worldwide, which seems to be a startlingly low number given how large the church is. But some dioceses are really upping their number, ostensibly because the bishops are seeing high demand—more people insist that they are possessed.

The lesbian detail in the Cesar Truqui story seems significant. Was there much talk of gays and lesbians at the conference?

AF: No. I had not heard others speak in that way. It was just an odd thing to pick out: How could he possibly know? He didn’t say whether or not they kissed or were holding hands. But he suggested they had pronounced themselves as being gay. This was in the middle of a talk, one of the lectures at the conference.

Did he say how the story ended? Did he cast out their demons?

AF: If I remember correctly, at some point in the flight, he stood up, looked at them, and they both looked at him with a look that he felt indicated they had been reading his mind. That was how he was communicating with them. He sensed a malevolent force and started praying—prayers for liberation, used to fight off demons—when he got chocolate thrown at him.

At some point, he seemed to suggest, the confrontation stopped. On an enclosed airplane, there was only so much he could do. In addition, he wouldn’t have been able to do an exorcism on a plane at random. Exorcisms have to be sanctioned by a diocese. He couldn’t spring into action; he had to do a minimal level of prayer.

It’s interesting: There are scales of prayers. Some prayers are considered outright exorcisms, others are used to ward off evil spirits in a less direct way. He was using one of those lower-grade prayers.

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