What Should You Do if You’re Pushed Onto Subway Tracks?

Answers to your questions about the news.
Dec. 4 2012 4:26 PM

What Should You Do if You’re Pushed Onto Subway Tracks?

Think fast.

One of the Z subway trains passes by along the tracks in the Brooklyn borough of New York City.
One of the Z subway trains passes by along the tracks in the Brooklyn borough of New York City.

Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images.

A Queens, N.Y. man was pushed onto the subway tracks in a Times Square station on Monday and crushed to death by an arriving train. Onlookers shouted as the man attempted in vain to escape the tracks. What should you do if you are pushed onto a subway track?

Wing it. New York’s Metropolitan Transit Authority doesn’t offer advice or guidelines for people who find themselves on the subway tracks, because each station is different. People trapped on the tracks have to rely on their own quick thinking. After assessing your surroundings, you should consider four options. Obviously, the optimal choice is to get back onto the platform, often with the help of bystanders. Dramatic subway rescues are somewhat common. In 2009, for example, an off-Broadway actor rescued a stranded man by hoisting him back to safety. (The good Samaritan said his stage role at the time required him to lift and carry other actors.) If you can’t boost yourself up in time, look for a space beneath the platform edge. In some stations, particularly in Manhattan, there is enough room between the train and the platform to accommodate a person. If the platform appears flush with the approaching train, you could take shelter in the space between the two sets of train tracks. This is a dangerous choice, though, because you’d have to traverse the third rail, which carries 660 volts of electricity, more than enough to kill a person. A final option is to simply lie flat—there may be enough clearance for the train to pass over you. In 2007, when a seizure caused a man to fall onto the tracks, a Vietnam veteran saved his life by pinning him to the ground between the rails until the train passed. Both men sustained minor injuries.

Advertisement

It’s difficult to calculate your chances of surviving the subway tracks. Approximately 50 percent of the 702 people who found themselves on the tracks between 1990 and 2003 died, but that mortality rate is skewed. Most subway track fatalities are suicides in which the victim made no attempt to escape, and a large percentage of the remainder are accidents involving drugs or alcohol. While subway track murders garner the most media attention, only 3 percent of those who wind up on the tracks are pushed.

Foreign transit systems have taken a few steps to decrease subway track deaths. The most visible and effective tool is the platform screen door, which separates the platform from the tracks, preventing accidents and deterring suicides. A study showed that the screens reduced track injuries in Hong Kong by 69 percent. In Vienna, the government placed limits on media coverage of suicides, which appears to have decreased the rate of subway suicides by 75 percent. Some stations in the London underground system have drainage pits beneath the tracks, increasing clearance between the cars and the ground. Although the installation of the pits had nothing to do with falls, a 1999 study showed that the pits—now commonly known as “suicide pits” or “dead man’s trenches”—cut the subway track death rate by half.

Got a question about today’s news? Ask the Explainer.

Brian Palmer is Slate's chief explainer. He also writes How and Why and Ecologic for the Washington Post. Email him at explainerbrian@gmail.com. Follow him on Twitter.

TODAY IN SLATE

Politics

Blacks Don’t Have a Corporal Punishment Problem

Americans do. But when blacks exhibit the same behaviors as others, it becomes part of a greater black pathology. 

I Bought the Huge iPhone. I’m Already Thinking of Returning It.

Scotland Is Just the Beginning. Expect More Political Earthquakes in Europe.

Lifetime Didn’t Think the Steubenville Rape Case Was Dramatic Enough

So they added a little self-immolation.

Two Damn Good, Very Different Movies About Soldiers Returning From War

Medical Examiner

The Most Terrifying Thing About Ebola 

The disease threatens humanity by preying on humanity.

Students Aren’t Going to College Football Games as Much Anymore, and Schools Are Getting Worried

The Good Wife Is Cynical, Thrilling, and Grown-Up. It’s Also TV’s Best Drama.

  News & Politics
Weigel
Sept. 19 2014 9:15 PM Chris Christie, Better Than Ever
  Business
Moneybox
Sept. 19 2014 6:35 PM Pabst Blue Ribbon is Being Sold to the Russians, Was So Over Anyway
  Life
Inside Higher Ed
Sept. 19 2014 1:34 PM Empty Seats, Fewer Donors? College football isn’t attracting the audience it used to.
  Double X
The XX Factor
Sept. 19 2014 4:58 PM Steubenville Gets the Lifetime Treatment (And a Cheerleader Erupts Into Flames)
  Slate Plus
Slate Picks
Sept. 19 2014 12:00 PM What Happened at Slate This Week? The Slatest editor tells us to read well-informed skepticism, media criticism, and more.
  Arts
Brow Beat
Sept. 19 2014 4:48 PM You Should Be Listening to Sbtrkt
  Technology
Future Tense
Sept. 19 2014 6:31 PM The One Big Problem With the Enormous New iPhone
  Health & Science
Medical Examiner
Sept. 19 2014 5:09 PM Did America Get Fat by Drinking Diet Soda?   A high-profile study points the finger at artificial sweeteners.
  Sports
Sports Nut
Sept. 18 2014 11:42 AM Grandmaster Clash One of the most amazing feats in chess history just happened, and no one noticed.