How Smitten Kitchen’s Deb Perelman Writes a Muffin Recipe

People who accomplish great things, and how they do it.
Jan. 18 2013 2:33 PM

How To Write a Muffin Recipe

Deb Perelman—the wildly popular blogger and author of The Smitten Kitchen Cookbook­—talks process.

The ill-fated granola muffins.
The ill-fated granola muffins.

Courtesy of Deb Perelman

On Smitten Kitchen, her 5-year-old food blog, Deb Perelman often writes about cooking recipes from cookbooks and other blogs. Even when she adjusts ingredients or methods, Perelman is punctilious about crediting her sources—recipe titles on the blog are often followed by lines like “Adapted from several places, but my favorite version is Alton Brown’s,” “Inspired by the Tasting Table Test Kitchens,” and “Recipe adapted from Ottolenghi’s stunning new dream of a book.” (That would be London-based chef Yotam Ottolenghi’s Jerusalem: A Cookbook.)

L.V. Anderson L.V. Anderson

L.V. Anderson is a Slate assistant editor. She edits Slate's food and drink sections and writes Brow Beat's recipe column, You're Doing It Wrong. 

When she set out to write her own cookbook, though, Perelman decided borrowing wouldn’t fly. “I wanted it to be mine and mine alone,” she says of The Smitten Kitchen Cookbook, which has spent nine weeks on the New York Times best-seller list since its release at the end of October.

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So how does a food blogger who has an enormous following but “who never trained as a chef or even worked in a restaurant” (as the Times Dining section tsk-tsked last month) set about creating an original recipe? Food writing, and particularly recipe writing, can feel like proof positive of the axiom that there’s nothing new under the sun. But Perelman’s enthusiasm for trying new things is matched only by her perfectionist nature. (She makes frequent self-deprecating jokes about her obsessive tendencies on her blog.) Here’s how she invented the plum poppy seed muffins that ended up gracing Pages 12 and 13 of The Smitten Kitchen Cookbook.

First came an overarching muffin philosophy: Muffins are not cake. “I have a lot of opinions about breakfast baked goods. And I feel like although muffins are pretty much cake that we pretend is okay to eat for breakfast, I insist that this good is on the breakfast side of the line, I feel like it should have breakfast ingredients in it and it should be lower in sugar and … it shouldn’t be as buttery as a cake.”

The Smitten Kitchen Cookbook.
The Smitten Kitchen Cookbook.

Courtesy of Knopf/Amazon

Based on this philosophy, and years of baking experience, Perelman already had a vague muffin formula. “I’ve been making muffins since I was like in high school,” she said. (I count 10 muffin recipes on Smitten Kitchen, plus several other quick breads.) “There’s only so many ways to make muffins.” She began rattling off the basic formula off the top of her head: For a dozen muffins, you’ll need 1¼ to 1½ cups flour, ⅓ to ¾ cup sugar, ⅔ to 1 cup milk or yogurt, 5 to 8 tablespoons of oil or butter, and an egg, plus baking powder and/or baking soda, depending on how acidic that dairy is. Then Perelman began extemporizing: You can replace some of the oil and sugar with mashed banana, and the milk or yogurt with fruit juice. “You might want a sturdier muffin or a richer muffin, you might add another egg or an extra egg yolk. You might want to have a fluffier muffin and you’ll do two egg whites and whip it up,” she mentioned. “You can change everything. But I feel like those are the numbers that I come back to more and more.”

Despite knowing how to make basic muffins in her sleep, and how to achieve variations with subtle tweaks to her formula, Perelman wanted her muffin recipe in The Smitten Kitchen Cookbook to be new and exciting. “Let’s not just make blueberry muffins,” she said, “unless I’m doing something with blueberry muffins that nobody in the history of mankind has ever done before, and the likelihood of that in this day and age is not very good.”

Her first idea—in keeping with the muffins-are-breakfast theme—was a yogurt and granola muffin. “I thought, what a great idea, these are your breakfast cornerstones,” she recalls. For the first version she tested, she stirred leftover homemade granola and diced pears into the batter, which contained yogurt instead of milk. “I tried it a few different ways. I think I had honey in there as a sweetener, because you know yogurt and honey is so nice together, and it just was not …” She trailed off. Despite multiple testing efforts—including one with the granola sprinkled on top of the muffins like streusel—granola muffins got the axe. The granola always got chewy, reaching a texture she called “weirdly unpleasant.” She also realized granola muffins were too complicated for her purposes. “You’d have to start with already-made granola, and so you either would have to buy it or you would have to have already made it, and that’s ridiculous. ... I really like to work from whole ingredients.”

Orange muffins baked and cooling.
Orange muffins were gorgeous, but not delicious.

Courtesy of Deb Perelman

By the time granola muffins had been declared dead, pear season had given way to orange season. “All these beautiful oranges appear in grocery stores in December and January. You’ve got pink ones and orange and yellowish, so I used segments from a bunch of rainbow-colored oranges and I tried to make an orange and yogurt muffin,” Perelman recalled. She segmented each orange, cut them into 1-inch pieces, and folded them into her basic batter. The results looked stunning. “It was like the most beautiful thing in the entire world,” Perelman sighed. The taste? Not so good. The oranges reacted strangely with the leavener, resulting in a weird flavor, and they lost their juiciness in the baking process, too. Perelman kept the pictures but ditched the recipe.

After the gorgeous orange muffins, Perelman’s memory gets hazy. She knows there were seven rounds of testing total; she knows they were all breakfast-appropriate and didn’t call for any hard-to-find ingredients. (Perelman likes shopping at farmers’ markets, but she knows not all her readers have access to one.) But the open-endedness of the task at hand wasn’t helping. “I was losing my focus as I was working on the muffin, because I just knew I wanted a great muffin but I didn’t have any more rules,” she said.

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