A Modern, Cheeky Sherlock Holmes (And It’s Not Robert Downey Jr.)

Arts, entertainment, and more.
May 4 2012 10:54 AM

Elementary, My Dear Viewer

Steven Moffat and Benedict Cumberbatch explain what makes PBS’s Sherlock tick.

Steven Moffat
Steven Moffat

Photograph by Toby Canham/Getty Images.

Click here to read about real-life crime-fighting in Sherlock Holmes-era London.

June Thomas June Thomas

June Thomas is a Slate culture critic and editor of Outward, Slate’s LGBTQ section. 

What makes this Sherlock different from all the other Holmeses? The Sherlock that returns to Masterpiece Mystery for a second season on Sunday (PBS, 9 p.m. ET) is modern, witty, and served up with a cheeky wink. (It’s also poised for an American breakout as its stars achieve more mainstream fame.) Played by Benedict Cumberbatch, all cheekbones and billowing Belstaff coat, Sherlock’s Sherlock’s a fast-talking, giggle-inducing tease. Without ever mentioning Arthur Conan Doyle or any of the earlier incarnations of Holmes, the series plays the classic accessories and tics—the wardrobe, the bad habits, the maddening lack of impulse control—for amusement: In 21st-century London, there is no way to wear a deerstalker unironically, and Sherlock doesn’t even try.

But he is also a conundrum, and many viewers spent the first season, which first aired here in 2010, trying to puzzle out who he truly is. Sherlock may be set in the present day, but Sherlock can be doggedly old-fashioned: Though he always keeps an iPhone close at hand, he prefers to stare into a microscope and visit the “mind palace” inside his head. He is a showoff, yet he keeps his most impressive feats of detection to himself. He’s a Johnny-no-mates nonetheless willing to sacrifice everything for the handful of people he cares about. And he is an asexual manipulator who somehow seduces everyone he meets. Is he a sociopath or on the side of the angels? Or, as the show suggests at times, both? Earlier this week, I asked Cumberbatch and Steven Moffat, the show’s co-creator, to help me distinguish the red herrings from the reliable clues to Sherlock’s character.

In the first of this season’s three 90-minute episodes—self-contained movies, really—Sherlock tangles with Irene Adler, a crafty dominatrix being chased by American spies and British royals. Sherlock is impervious to her charms—she can’t even fluster him by entering the room naked. Does his apparent lack of interest in the sins of the flesh mean that Sherlock is asexual? Not according to Moffat, who is best known to U.S. audiences for his work as a writer and now show-runner for Doctor Who. Holmes has simply suppressed certain appetites for the sake of his calling as a consulting detective: “All that sex lark? That doesn’t matter. All that emotion? That gets in the way,” Moffat says. “He cuts through all that to what he wants, which is to be the very, very best at what he does.”

But what about his manners? As with his distant cousin Gregory House, Sherlock’s sense of his own superiority makes him careless with other people’s feelings, unable to mute his powers even when his observations hurt. When a female guest arrives at a Christmas gathering at 221B Baker Street in the season premiere, Sherlock announces that a perfectly wrapped gift tucked away in her bag is clearly an attempt at seduction—embarrassing everyone but Sherlock when it becomes clear that the present is for him. Isn’t he a thoughtless snob? Not at all, says Cumberbatch; he simply has no time to waste. “That doesn’t make him a bad man. There’s so much in the 21st century that is stymied by bureaucracy and mediocrity and committee. It’s a great thrill to see someone cutting through that.”

Well then, is he, as his flat-mate and collaborator John Watson (Martin Freeman) suggests in a moment of frustration, “a machine,” who exhibits no emotional response when a dear friend appears to be in mortal danger? No, Cumberbatch sees his character as a loving, caring human: “You can’t be a master interpreter of behavioral science and the logic of human interaction in the way that he is—diagnosing people’s behavior, the evidence on their person, their psychology—unless you have an understanding of it.”

Still from Sherlock.
Benedict Cumberbatch and Martin Freeman in Sherlock.

Photograph by BBC.

OK, but surely Sherlock is an attention whore—a celebrity who courts the tabloid press and enjoys the flash of the paparazzi. When Sherlock’s showboating performance in a high-profile trial turns him into even more of a public figure, he seems excited to find himself chased by packs of reporters. Still, Cumberbatch doesn’t think he craves the attention: “He doesn’t want fans. He complains to John about his burgeoning Internet fame, but he makes no bones about it when he’s being brilliant. He can’t filter that. He gets too much enjoyment out of it. It erupts.”

You might even ask if Sherlock deserves to be at the center of the show. In their loose interpretation of Doyle’s stories, Moffat and co-creator Mark Gatiss have beefed up the role of Holmes’ nemesis, Jim Moriarty, played with slimy gusto by Andrew Scott. Here in the antihero-loving United States—home of The Sopranos, Breaking Bad, Dexter, and Boardwalk Empire—this would surely have guaranteed Moriarty the title role in the series, but Moffat dismisses my dreams of Moriarty!, saying Sherlock’s much more interesting to him. He loves Sherlock’s striving for perfection; quoting with relish Conan Doyle’s description of Holmes as a man who “makes a special effort to be better than his human frailties might seem to allow him.”

Eliminate every alternative and what remains, no matter how unlikely, is the solution. So, what is the key to Sherlock Holmes? For Moffat it’s something usually missing from the world of TV: satisfaction. Sherlock Holmes is perfectly comfortable in his own skin. “As much as it may horrify us, Sherlock’s quite a happy man. He gets a bit bored between cases, but he enjoys himself. He’s got his best pal, he’s got his nice flat, and he goes out and has tremendous adventures. He’s unrepentant about how he is, because he honestly can’t see a damned thing wrong with it.” And the secret of his appeal? “If you met a man like Sherlock Holmes, and he was that clever, and that dazzling, you’d be fascinated by him. He would be absolutely magnetic. The fact that he is carelessly rude to you wouldn’t concern you at all. Fascinatingly confident, rude people are great.”

I suspect this is an opinion held in very few places other than the heads of TV writers. A real-life Sherlock, forever touting his brilliance and running rampant over fragile emotions, would be intolerable. But this TV version has an Achilles’ heel. Every so often, in moments of extremis—as in the final episode of last season, when he was willing to risk everything to save John Watson’s life—he reveals that his bluster and coldness is all an act: He loves us “ordinaries.” That makes us love him back.



The Self-Made Man

The story of America’s most pliable, pernicious, irrepressible myth.

Does Your Child Have Sluggish Cognitive Tempo? Or Is That Just a Disorder Made Up to Scare You?

Mitt Romney May Be Weighing a 2016 Run. That Would Be a Big Mistake.

Amazing Photos From Hong Kong’s Umbrella Revolution

Rehtaeh Parsons Was the Most Famous Victim in Canada. Now, Journalists Can’t Even Say Her Name.


See Me

Transparent is the fall’s only great new show.


Lena Dunham, the Book

More shtick than honesty in Not That Kind of Girl.

What a Juicy New Book About Diane Sawyer and Katie Couric Fails to Tell Us About the TV News Business

Rehtaeh Parsons Was the Most Famous Victim in Canada. Now, Journalists Can’t Even Say Her Name.

  News & Politics
Damned Spot
Sept. 30 2014 9:00 AM Now Stare. Don’t Stop. The perfect political wife’s loving gaze in campaign ads.
Sept. 30 2014 10:44 AM Bull---- Market America is overlooking a plentiful renewable resource: animal manure.
Atlas Obscura
Sept. 30 2014 10:10 AM A Lovable Murderer and Heroic Villain: The Story of Australia's Most Iconic Outlaw
  Double X
Sept. 29 2014 11:43 PM Lena Dunham, the Book More shtick than honesty in Not That Kind of Girl.
  Slate Plus
Behind the Scenes
Sept. 30 2014 10:59 AM “For People, Food Is Heaven” Boer Deng on the story behind her piece “How to Order Chinese Food.”
Brow Beat
Sept. 30 2014 10:48 AM One of Last Year’s Best Animated Shorts Is Finally Online for Free
Future Tense
Sept. 30 2014 7:36 AM Almost Humane What sci-fi can teach us about our treatment of prisoners of war.
  Health & Science
Bad Astronomy
Sept. 30 2014 7:30 AM What Lurks Beneath the Methane Lakes of Titan?
Sports Nut
Sept. 28 2014 8:30 PM NFL Players Die Young. Or Maybe They Live Long Lives. Why it’s so hard to pin down the effects of football on players’ lives.