The Author of Wool Explains Why He Wrote Kurt Vonnegut Fan Fiction

Reading between the lines.
Jan. 14 2014 11:20 AM

Writing in Vonnegut’s World

On training wheels, fan fiction, and stories in the cave.

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My own involvement in fan fiction came about in a peculiar way. Peculiar, in that I never thought I’d write something that anyone other than my mom would ever want to read. So when my series Wool became unexpectedly popular, and fans got in touch to ask if they could write in this world I’d created, I was taken aback. But I agreed. And then I suggested—not knowing this was taboo—that they charge a buck or so for their story. My thinking was that artists deserve to be remunerated for their efforts. So began what became quite an impressive collection of fan fiction written in my world, a happening I would never have dreamed possible.

Fellow writers got in touch and expressed shock that I would allow people to dabble and profit off my characters. But I was profiting while writing about Joseph Campbell’s singular hero of a thousand faces. We are all telling the same story with slight variations. Worrying about ownership seems strange to me. (And right now my lawyer is no doubt reaching for his heart medication.)

Dresden, Feburary 1945
Dresden's destroyed Old Town after the allied bombings in February 1945.

Photo by Walter Hahn/AFP/Getty Images

Last year I sat down to write my first piece of fan fiction. I chose Kurt Vonnegut’s Slaughterhouse-Five, as this was a world newly opened for exploration and a novel very dear to me. I had read Slaughterhouse-Five in high school and didn’t really get it. And then a few years ago, I studied the work again, and the story had not just meaning but special meaning. I saw the author working through personal trauma by writing about it obliquely. Vonnegut’s didactic work helped me through a similar trauma. With my first work of fan fiction, I chose to use his example of writing about the bombing of Dresden in order to confront my 9/11 experiences—an event I’ve long avoided discussing directly. And what I discovered surprised me. Fan fiction is difficult. More difficult than the dozen or so novels I’d previously written.

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Before composing Peace in Amber, I used to liken fan fiction to writing with training wheels. The idea was that one could learn to pedal and balance and eventually discover that they didn’t need the extra wheels anymore. The writer could take them off and create their own worlds. This analogy is still partly true, but what I found while writing my work was that the training wheels get in the way more than they help. They catch on lampposts and bushes. They make it so the writer can’t lean and steer the plot where it needs to go. The original work limits with its history and its established facts. Peace in Amber was the hardest thing I’ve ever written, and only partly because of the subject matter. What made it difficult also made it rewarding. I was crafting an homage to one of the greats. I was also coming to grips with my pain much as Vonnegut must have.

What we are approaching now is a return to the storytelling of old. We are marching back to a world of stories in the ether, a world where bards speak once again to a live audience and are able to gauge their reactions, a world where we may learn and adjust our craft on the fly. We are getting back to a time when the audience and the storyteller enjoyed a symbiotic relationship, when a fan could become an artist, when the listener might go on to speak for themselves.

This is the story I see unfolding before us. I see a return to campfires and caves and sharing. I see stories that will grow and become timeless not because they were stamped in a press but because they bear the stamp of us. This is a message of tolerance and acceptance that I hope will spread. Pass it along if you care. Feel free to give it your own twist. I won’t mind at all.

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Hugh Howey will be appearing live with Slate’s Dan Kois and Hanna Rosin to discuss Slaughterhouse-Five and Kurt Vonnegut Tuesday, Feb. 27 in Seattle.

Peace in Amber by Hugh Howey. Kindle Worlds.

Hugh Howey is the author of Wool and “Peace in Amber.”

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